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English: skills for learning
English: skills for learning

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6.2 Other connecting words that work like if and when

There are several more ways of joining two or more clauses together to make longer sentences. Some of these connecting words are because, although or even though, and while.

Because is used to indicate the reason for whatever is stated in the other half of the clause.

Although, even though and while are all used to express a contradiction between the two joined clauses.

As, becausee, although and even though all behave in the same way in that they are attached to a clause which is joined to another clause. They can be used at the beginning of the sentence or in the middle but the statement they are attached to must follow immediately after them.

Activity 12

Timing: Allow approximately 10 minutes

Select the appropriate connecting words to complete the sentences below.

afterbeforeeven ifsinceunlessuntil
wheneverwherewhereas/whilebecausealthough/even though
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Answer

Sara had had a rather negative impression of her father until she started to attend counselling sessions.

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Answer

The affairs of one patient should never be discussed in the hearing of others, even if they have the same condition unless this is agreed with the patient concerned.

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Whereas/While some people make particular use of their local support group, others prefer to make this kind of contact online.

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Answer

After his mother became ill, Harry attended to all her paperwork and bill payments.

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Even if a support group starts in a pub and feels very casual, it will need one or two people to keep the whole process going.

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Answer

Where confidential information is passed on by phone, it should be given only to the person authorised to receive it.