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An introduction to geology
An introduction to geology

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This free course was written by Anne Jay and Marcus Badger.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.


Figure 2.1: courtesy Dr Frances Jenner – adapted with permission.

Figure 2.6: David Clarke licenses/ by-nc-nd/ 2.0/

Figure 2.7: Norsk Hydro ASA

Figure 2.11: James St. John. licenses/ by/ 2.0/

Figure 2.14: Peter Webb, The Open University.

Figure 2.17: Kris Williams; licenses/ by-nc-sa/ 3.0/

Figure 2.18: Eric Gaba. licenses/ by-sa/ 2.5/

Figure 2.19: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Figure 2.21: James St. John. licenses/ by/ 2.0/

Figure 2.22: Sue Waters. licenses/ by-sa/ 2.0/

Figures 2.23: Data © British Geological Survey.


Video 2.1: Anatomy of a smartphone: © The Open University

Video 2.2: Extracting enough aluminium: © The Open University

Video 2.3: Black Smokers: clips:

(1) Highlights from Galapagos Nautilus Live watch?v=KtFFmDGIsa4 OET / NautilusLive courtesy;

(2) Hydrothermal vents in the deep sea watch?v=rTR6gGDWcJk courtesy © Marum

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