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An introduction to geology
An introduction to geology

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This free course was written by Anne Jay and Marcus Badger.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.


Figure 3.1: Dr Marcus Badger

Figure 3.3: Natural England (photographer Steve Marsden) licenses/ by-nc-nd/ 2.0/

Figure 3.4.(left) Haber photograph: © ullstein bild / Getty Images, (right) Bosch photograph: © Chronicle / Alamy Stock Photo

Figure 3.6: By Fvasconcellos;taken from:

Figure 3.7: left: Syncrude Canada licenses/ by-nc-nd/ 3.0/; right: Colin Howley – licenses/ by-nc-nd/ 3.0/

Figure 3.8: NASA images courtesy the of SeaWiFS Project, Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE.

Figure 3.9: Andrew Skudder. licenses/ by-sa/ 2.0/.

Figure 3.13: Reproduced with the permission of the OneGeology. All rights Reserved.

Figure 3.16: jasonwoodhead 23 licenses/ by-sa/ 2.0/


3.1 Oil comes from the ground: © The Open University and its licensors

3.2 Seismic Exploration Part 1: © The Open University and its licensors

Thanks to Schlumberger for provision of Petrel software licences to Imperial College London.

Geoscience Australia and the Department of Mines and Petroleum are thanked for providing seismic data. Seismic is available from the WAPIMS.

Thanks to Prof. Chris Jackson, Imperial College London for mapping of the near Top Mungaroo horizon and Dr Craig Magee, Imperial College London for dataset compilation.

3.3 Seismic Exploration Part 2: © The Open University and its licensors

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