2.3 The UK Parliament and Scotland
The UK Parliament has the power to legislate on reserved matters and on devolved matters where a legislative consent motion has been passed by the Scottish Parliament. Activity 1 now asks you to explore Acts of the UK Parliament and their relevance to Scotland.
Activity 1 Exploring Acts of the UK Parliament
Take a few moments to consider the Acts listed below. These Acts were some of the final Bills to receive Royal Assent before the dissolution of the UK Parliament on 3 May 2017 prior to the general election on 8 June 2017. Having read through the list, and based on the titles of the Act and your knowledge of matters which are devolved and reserved, indicate whether or not you think the Act covers Scotland.
|The Broadcasting (Radio Multiplex Services) Act 2017||Yes||No||Not sure|
|The Bus Services Act 2017|
|Children and Social Work Act 2017|
|Criminal Finances Act 2017|
|Farriers (Registration) Act 2017|
|Finance Act 2017|
|Guardianship (Missing Persons) Act 2017|
|Health Service Medical Supplies (Costs) Act 2017|
|Homelessness Reduction Act 2017|
|Intellectual Property (Unjustified Threats) Act 2017|
|Local Audit (Public Access to documents) Act 2017|
|Merchant Shipping (Homosexual Conduct) Act 2017|
|National Citizen Service Act 2017|
|Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017|
|Northern Ireland (Ministerial Appointments and Regional Rates) Act 2017|
|Parking Places (Variation of Charges) Act 2017|
|Pension Schemes Act 2017|
|Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence (Ratification of Convention) Act 2017|
The purpose of this activity was to get you to reflect on the which matters the UK Parliament may legislate for Scotland, whether these be as a result of reserved powers, such as international relations, or where there have been legislative consent motions.
Figures 10, 11 and 12 have been provided to show you where the information that appears in these comments for each Act was found. Legislation.gov.uk does, on occasion, change but the screen shots are of the following: Figure 9 is of the legislation.gov.uk home page. On this page Scotland was selected which lead to the screen shot in Figure 10. Then by clicking on UK Public Acts the screen shot in Figure 11 appeared. Each Act was selected and then the extent Section was read to locate the answers given below. Your studies in subsequent weeks will familiarise you with the look and layout of Acts.
A number of the Acts had an impact on the law in Scotland.
Three of the Bills which you saw in Figure 8 earlier and which had received Royal Assent were not shown on legislation.gov.uk at the time of search 7 May 2017. These were the Digital Economy Bill, the Higher Education and Research Bill and the Haversham Oyster Fishery Company Bill.
- The Broadcasting (Radio Multiplex Services) Act 2017. Section 2 (1) states that it applies to (extends to) all of the UK.
- The Bus Services Act 2017 Section 25 states that only certain provisions apply in Scotland (sections 17 and 23 to 27).
- Children and Social Work Act 2017 states that section 10 and certain paragraphs in Schedule 1 apply to England, Wales and Scotland.
- Criminal Finances Act 2017 Section 57 states that certain provisions apply UK-wide and certain provisions only apply to Scotland or Northern Ireland or England and Wales.
- Farriers (Registration) Act 2017 Section 3(1) states that the Act applies in England, Wales and Scotland.
- Finance Act 2017 outlines fines to be applied on conviction in Scotland.
- Guardianship (Missing Persons) Act 2017 applies to England and Wales only.
- Health Service Medical Supplies (Costs) Act 2017 applies to England and Wales only.
- Homelessness Reduction Act 2017 Section 13 states it applies to England and Wales only.
- Intellectual Property (Unjustified Threats) Act 2017 Section 7 states that it applies to England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
- Local Audit (Public Access to documents) Act 2017 Section 2 states that it applies to England and Wales only.
- Merchant Shipping (Homosexual Conduct) Act 2017 Section 2(3) states that the Act applies to England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland subject to Section 3(2).
- National Citizen Service Act 2017 Section 13 states that the Act applies to England and Wales (subject to any subsequent amendments which may extend the Act).
- Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 Section 45 states that the Act applies to England and Wales except Section 42 and Part 3 which apply to (extend to) England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
- Northern Ireland (Ministerial Appointments and Regional Rates) Act 2017 Section 3(1) states that it applies to Northern Ireland only.
- Parking Places (Variation of Charges) Act 2017 Section 3(2) states that it applies to England and Wales only.
- Pension Schemes Act 2017 Section 43 states that the Act extends (applies to) to England, Wales and Scotland.
- Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence (Ratification of Convention) Act 2017 Section 3(3) states that the Act applies (extends to) England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
- Technical and Further Education Act 2017 states in Section 46 that Part Four and Section 6 (as it relates to Section 426 of the Insolvency Act 1986) apply to England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Section 46(3) states that the remaining sections of the Act apply to England and Wales only.