Youth justice in the UK: children, young people and crime
Youth justice in the UK: children, young people and crime

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Youth justice in the UK: children, young people and crime

Session 2: Youth justice in England and Wales

Introduction

The children speaking in the video at the end of the last session felt that their involvement with the youth justice system labelled them as criminals. It’s significant the video was made in Wales because although there is a single system for both England and Wales, the two jurisdictions have tended to become increasingly distinct. In this session you will get the chance to look at some of the reasons for this. You will be examining the establishment of the Youth Justice Board (YJB) for England and Wales and how the youth justice system operates. The emergence of distinctive forms of practice and policy in Wales will be the focus of learning towards the end of this session.

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Transcript: Session 2 introduction

ROD EARLE
In this session, you'll be taking a good close look at the Youth Justice System of England and Wales. We call it the Youth Justice System, but what that actually involves is a complex collection of youth courts at one end and Young Offender Institutions or YOIs at the other. In between, as it were, there are multi-agency Youth Offending Teams or YOTs.
You'll explore what they do and why they do it. You'll also take a look at the changes that are developing in the system and how these emerged in Wales first and have now spread more widely. Towards the end of the session, you'll be invited to consider if Wales and England are still on the single path to youth justice or are becoming more separate.
End transcript: Session 2 introduction
Session 2 introduction
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By the end of this session, you should be able to:

  • recognise the main features of the youth justice system of England and Wales
  • identify the principles and practice guiding the system’s development
  • understand the way the system has been changing.
YJ_1

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