Sweeteners are used in some foods to reduce the energy from food, in an attempt to reduce obesity. There have been many headlines about the safety of sweeteners. In 2010, there was a Panel discussion about sweeteners and they came up with ten points in a document called ’The Science of Low Calorie Sweeteners – separating fact from fiction’.
Low calorie sweeteners are food additives that provide a sweet taste with very few calories (Table 4). Click on this link and read the document:(British Nutrition Foundation, 2010)
Table 4 Sweeteners used in the UK to reduce the amount of sucrose (table sugar) which provides 4kcal/gram
|Type of sweetener||Name||E number||Acceptable daily intake (ADI)|
mg/kg body weight
|Bulk||sugar alcohols: |
|None specified||2.4 kcal/g|
10g/100g or more require a warning statement as it can lead to gastrointestinal side effects in sensitive individuals.
acesulfame K (AceK)
saccharin: 375x sweeter than sugar, bitter metallic aftertaste
aspartame: 200x sweeter than sugar, cannot be used by people with PKU
acesulfame K (AceK): 200x sweeter than sugar, long-term effects unknown
|Intense||stevia||E960||4||zero||Plant based: 200–300 times sweeter than sucrose|
|Intense||sucralose||E955||15||zero||600 times sweeter than sucrose|
|Intense||neotame||E961||None specified||zero||7000 times sweeter than sucrose|