Exploring anxiety
Exploring anxiety

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Exploring anxiety

References

Aftab, A. (2014) ‘Mental illness vs brain disorders: from Szasz to DSM-5’, Psychiatric Times, February 28. Available online at: http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/dsm-5-0/mental-illness-vs-brain-disorders-szasz-dsm-5 (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Alvarez, A.S., Pagani, M. and Meucci, P. (2012) ‘The clinical application of the biopsychosocial model in mental health: a research critique’, American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 91, no. 2, supplement, pp. S173-S180.
American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fifth Edition DSM-5, Arlington VA; American Psychiatric Association, p.20.
Aviva UK Health (2016) ‘UK adults accepting mental health issues as the new norm as many do not seek help for stress, anxiety and depression’, 10 May. Available online at: https://www.aviva.com/newsroom/news-releases/2016/05/uk-adults-accepting-mental-health-issues-as-the-new-norm-as-many-do-not-seek-help-for-stress-anxiety-and-depression-17621/ (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Bean, S. (2016) ‘Work is most common cause of stress, anxiety and depression’, Insight Publishing, 11 May. Available online at: http://workplaceinsight.net/workers-not-getting-help-stress-anxiety-depression/ (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Beck, A.T. (1964) ‘Thinking and depression’, Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 10, pp. 561-571.
Beck, A.T. (1976) Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities Press.
Benning, T.B. (2015) ‘Limitations of the biopsychosocial model in psychiatry’, Advances in Medical Education and Practice, vol. 6, pp. 347-352.
Bithell, C. (2010) ‘Mental health research in the media: recommendations for a new function at the Science Media Centre’, Science Media Centre Consultation Report. Available at: http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Science-Media-Centre-mental-health-consultation-report.pdf (Accessed 04-07-2019).
Bithell, C. (2013) ‘Review of the first three years of the mental health research function at the Science Media Centre’, Science Media Centre Publication. Available at: http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Review-of-the-first-three-years-of-the-mental-health-research-function-at-the-Science-Media-Centre.pdf (Accessed 04-07-2019).
Burns, D. (1980) Feeling good: the new mood therapy. New York: Morrow.
Cuthbert, B.N. (2015) ‘Research Domain Criteria: toward future psychiatric nosologies’, Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 89-97. Available online at: https://www.dialogues-cns.org/contents17-1/dialoguesclinneurosci-17-89/ (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Deacon, B.J. (2013) ‘The biomedical model of mental disorder: a critical analysis of its validity, utility, and effects on psychotherapy research’, Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 33, pp. 846-861.
Department of Health (2014a) 'CMOs annual report: employment is good for mental health' (press release). Available online at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/cmos-annual-report-employment-is-good-for-mental-health (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Department of Health (2014b) Chief Medical Officer (CMO) annual report: public mental health. Available online at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/chief-medical-officer-cmo-annual-report-public-mental-health (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Engel, G.L. (1977) ‘The need for a new medical model: a challenge for biomedicine’, Science, vol. 196, pp. 129-36.
Gask, L., Lester, H., Kendrick, T. and Peveler, R. (2009) ‘What is primary care mental health?’ Chapter 1, in Gask, L., Lester, H., Kendrick, T. and Peveler, R. (eds), Primary Care Mental Health, London: RCPsych Publications, pp. 3-15.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (2016) Work related stress, anxiety and depression statistics in Great Britain 2016. Available online at: https://web.archive.org/web/20170928012943/http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/stress/ (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Insel, T. (2013) ‘Transforming diagnosis’, post by former NIMH Director, April 2019, 2013. Available at: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/directors/thomas-insel/blog/2013/transforming-diagnosis.shtml (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Kupfer, D. (2015) ‘Anxiety and DSM-5’, Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 245-46. Available online at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4610609/ (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Locke, A.B., Kirst, N. and Shultz, C.G. (2015) ‘Diagnosis and management of generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder in adults’, American Family Physician, vol. 91, no. 9, pp. 617-24. Available online at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p617.html (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Spencer, B. (2016) 'Modern life is leaving women twice as likely to be stressed as men as they juggle work, family and children', Daily Mail/Mail Online,6 June. Available online http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3626688/Modern-life-leaving-women-twice-likely-stressed-men-juggle-work-family-children.html (Accessed 04-07-2019)
McKay, D. and Tolin, D.F. (2016) ‘Empirically supported psychological treatments and the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC)’, Journal of Affective Disorders, pii: S0165-0327(16)30656-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.10.018.
National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) UK (2014) 'Quality standard QS53 − Anxiety disorders'. Available online at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs53/chapter/quality-statement-2-psychological-interventions (Accessed 04-07-2019)
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) UK (2019) 'Anxiety − guidelines, pathways, quality standards and advice'. Available online at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/conditions-and-diseases/mental-health-and-behavioural-conditions/anxiety (Accessed 04-07-2019)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) USA (2017) ‘Research Domain Criteria – RDoC’. Available online at: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/research-priorities/rdoc/index.shtml (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Nemeroff, C.B., Weinberger, D., Rutter, M., MacMillan, H.L., Bryant, R.A., Wessely, S., Stein, D.J., Pariante, C.M., Seemüller, F., Berk, M, Malhi, G.S., Preisig, M., Brüne, M. and Lysaker, P. (2013) ‘DSM-5: a collection of psychiatrist views on the changes, controversies, and future directions’, BMC Medicine, vol. 11, article 202. Available online at: https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1741-7015-11-202 (Accessed 04-07-2019)
NHS Choices (2016) 'Women are more likely to suffer from anxiety than men'. Available online at: http://www.nhs.uk/news/2016/06June/Pages/Women-are-more-likely-to-suffer-from-anxiety-than-men.aspx (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Platt, J., Prins, S., Bates, L. and Keyes, K. (2016) ‘Unequal depression for equal work? How the wage gap explains gendered disparity in mood disorder’, Social Science and Medicine, vol. 149, pp. 1-8. Available online at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4801117/ (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Remes, O., Brayne, C., van der Linde, R. and Lafortune, L. (2016) ‘A systematic review of reviews on the prevalence of anxiety disorders in adult populations’, Brain and Behavior, vol. 6, no. 7, article e00497. Available online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/brb3.497/abstract (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Renoir, T., Hasebe, K. and Gray, L. (2013) ‘Mind and body: how the health of the body impacts on neuropsychiatry’, Frontiers in Pharmacology, vol. 4, article 158. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3866391/ (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Royal College of Psychiatrists (2013) 'Cognitive behavioural therapy'. Available online at: https://web.archive.org/web/20180321185458/http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/mentalhealthinformation/therapies/cognitivebehaviouraltherapy.aspx (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Royal College of Psychiatrists (2015) 'Cognitive behavioural therapy'. Available online at: https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/mental-health/treatments-and-wellbeing/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-(cbt) (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Royal College of Psychiatrists (2017) 'Is work good for your mental health?' Available online at: https://web.archive.org/web/20180328061447/http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/usefulresources/workandmentalhealth/worker/isworkgoodforyou.aspx (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Sasz, T.S. (1960) ‘The myth of mental illness’, American Psychologist, vol. 15, pp. 113-8. Available online at: http://homepage.westmont.edu/bsmith/documents/Szasz.pdf (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Sasz, T.S. (2011) ‘The myth of mental illness: 50 years later’, Psychiatrist, vol. 35, pp. 179-82. Available online at: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/the-psychiatrist/article/myth-of-mental-illness-50-years-later/4B7C0377C7DF9B49E72B8B740E6B87D8# (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Stein, D.J., Phillips, K.A., Bolton, D., Fulford, K.W., Sadler, J.Z. and Kendler, K.S. (2010) ‘What is a mental/psychiatric disorder? From DSM-IV to DSM-V’, Psychological Medicine, vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 1759-65. Available online at: https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/DC3CC7DA2C4507D8F0D3110392B219A9/S0033291709992261a.pdf/what_is_a_mentalpsychiatric_disorder_from_dsmiv_to_dsmv.pdf (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Toates, F. (2010) ‘Explanations in mental health’, in SDK228 The science of the mind – investigating mental health, Book 1 Core concepts in mental health. Milton Keynes, The Open University, pp. 1-27.
Tyrer, P. (2014) ‘A comparison of DSM and ICD classifications of mental disorder’, Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 280-85.
Whiteford, H.A., Ferrari, A.J., Degenhardt, L., Feigin, V. and Vos, T. (2015) ‘The global burden of mental, neurological and substance use disorders: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010’, PLoS One, vol. 10, no. 2, article e0116820. Available online at: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0116820 (Accessed 04-07-2019)
Weir, K. (2012) ‘The roots of mental illness – how much of mental illness can the biology of the brain explain?’ Monitor on Psychology, vol. 43, no. 6, p. 30. American Psychological Association. Available at: http://www.apa.org/monitor/2012/06/roots (Accessed 04-07-2019).
s826_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus