Toys and engineering materials
Toys and engineering materials

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Toys and engineering materials

1.1 Materials use in the manufacture of toys

There have been impressive advances in the design and manufacture of toys over the past few decades. These advances have been driven by the rapid development of material science and electricity storage systems, such as lithium ion batteries.

If you were born a few hundred years ago, your childhood toys would not have been dissimilar to those used by children thousands of years ago. For tens of thousands of years, children played with the objects they could find in nature, such as twigs, stones or animal parts like bones, skins or internal organs of animals. For example, dice may have originated from throwing sheep’s knucklebones (Figure 1), and an inflated pig’s bladder was used as a playing ball.

Described image
Figure 1 A statue from the Roman era of women playing with knucklebones

Today, toys are far more sophisticated, and many of the toys available now could not have been envisioned by previous generations. One example is shown in Figure 2. Most of these advances in toy manufacture have occurred within the last century.

Described image
Figure 2 Sophisticated remote-controlled flying toys have become commercially available in the last decade

Recent technological advances in materials engineering and mass production have made toys more affordable. Prior to the invention of synthetic plastics, toys such as dolls and other play figures were handmade using porcelain, wood and bone, or mass-produced using tin and lead. These toys were relatively expensive and therefore less readily available. Modern materials have allowed toys to be mass-produced at vastly reduced cost, such as the play figures shown in Figure 3.

Described image
Figure 3 Mass-produced plastic play figures

In this course, inventions and developments leading to the evolution of toy design are used as examples to highlight the effect of materials engineering on modern life.

T271_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus