1.2 Types of integrity

Different types of integrity have been identified; the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy includes the following:

  • Self-integration refers to the ability of individuals to integrate various aspects of their own personality into a harmonious whole.

  • The identity view of integrity refers to the way in which individuals make commitments about the things with which they deeply identify (in other words: acting in a way that reflects their sense of who they are).

  • The self-constitution view of integrity refers to actions that can be endorsed by oneself at the time of acting as well as by a future self.

  • Integrity as "standing for something" brings a social dimension into the definition: it entails making judgement calls but also requires respect for the judgements of others.

  • Integrity as moral purpose - this approach describes integrity in terms of a commitment or a clear intent to live a moral life. It makes provision for others to disagree with the views of an individual while acknowledging at the same time that she or he is a person of integrity (Cox et al., 2017).

In the following activity you will explore an example of how to encourage your students to explore different concepts of integrity.

Teaching concepts of integrity

Activity 1.2 Conceptual analysis of integrity

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1.1 Challenges of teaching anti-corruption, integrity and ethics