1.2 Types of integrity
Different types of integrity have been identified; the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy includes the following:
Self-integration refers to the ability of individuals to integrate various aspects of their own personality into a harmonious whole.
The identity view of integrity refers to the way in which individuals make commitments about the things with which they deeply identify (in other words: acting in a way that reflects their sense of who they are).
The self-constitution view of integrity refers to actions that can be endorsed by oneself at the time of acting as well as by a future self.
Integrity as "standing for something" brings a social dimension into the definition: it entails making judgement calls but also requires respect for the judgements of others.
Integrity as moral purpose - this approach describes integrity in terms of a commitment or a clear intent to live a moral life. It makes provision for others to disagree with the views of an individual while acknowledging at the same time that she or he is a person of integrity (Cox et al., 2017).
In the following activity you will explore an example of how to encourage your students to explore different concepts of integrity.