2.1 Active engagement
Active engagement can come through listening to a lecturer or viewing a video, but that should never be the only form of engagement that students have with the learning material. They should also have opportunities to engage with it in other ways, such as through writing, discussions, brainstorming activities, role plays, debates, group work, and peer-to-peer learning and assessment.
In all the E4J Modules, there are recommendations for teaching and learning activities that require students to actively confront ethical questions, problems, and challenges. Whether you choose to use these recommended activities or develop activities of your own, you should ensure that students are required not only to listen, read, or view (which are more passive forms of learning), but also to speak, write, act, and collaborate.