Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources:

Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders. If any have been inadvertently overlooked the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

Important: *** against any of the acknowledgements below means that the wording has been dictated by the rights holder/publisher, and cannot be changed.

2686641: 9.2 vulnerability words: Image by John Hain from Pixabay

271467: 9.3 Vulnerable characteristics diagram: Support through court

265347: 9.4 court: Support through court

268693: 9.4 Safety: Nelosa / iStock / Getty Images Plus

270829: 9.5 vulnerable individuals: Steve Topson

Video and Audio

271654: 9.3 Activity 3 MANKIND video: The ManKind Initiative charity (2014) '#ViolenceIsViolence: Domestic abuse advert Mankind' available at

271653: 9.5 NHS Scotland ‘Trauma Informed Approach’ video: NHS Education for Scotland (2018) 'Opening Doors: Trauma Informed Practice for the Workforce', available at

9.8 Modules 4–9 knowledge assessment