Chapter 2 Water use in different sectors

2.1 Introduction

Myanmar is an agro-economy with agricultural usage placing the greatest demand on the country’s water resources. However, water demand for domestic and industrial use is growing fast, as agriculture’s contribution to the economy declines, and the contribution from industry and services grows.

This chapter looks at these changes, what is driving them and what they mean for the country’s development and future use of water. In order to understand these developments better, global water use is considered first, followed by regional trends in water use, before shining the spotlight on Myanmar in order to understand what is happening in the country better.

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Figure 1 Myanmar is an agro-economy

2.2 Water use globally