1.2. What is an inclusive curriculum?

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Section 1.1. explains that the Scottish education system is designed to support all learners and is supported by an inclusive legislative and policy framework. Central to curriculum design in Scotland is ‘Curriculum for Excellence’.

“Curriculum for Excellence is an inclusive curriculum from 3 to 18 wherever learning is taking place”.

The Scottish curriculum is defined as the totality of all that is planned for children and young people from early learning and childcare, through school and beyond. That totality can be planned for and experienced by learners across four contexts:

  • Curriculum areas and subjects
  • Interdisciplinary learning
  • Ethos and life of the school
  • Opportunities for personal achievement.

Inclusion is about putting the learner at the centre of the curriculum and ensuring that barriers are removed to enable them to:

  • Participate and learn to the best of their ability
  • Gain as much as possible from the opportunities which Curriculum for Excellence can provide
  • Move into a positive and sustained destination.
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Select here [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] for further information on Curriculum for Excellence and the Refreshed narrative.

Activity 2


Subjects within a school’s curriculum are available to all learners - if they can meet the criteria, age and cognitive ability.


The curriculum is defined by the subjects taught.


The curriculum includes all of the experiences that are planned for children and young people through their education. It is not specific to subject areas but applies to activities that take place across the school.


Pupils do not have an entitlement to engage with all aspects of the curriculum.

The correct answer is c.



If your choice of answer was not correct, go back and consider section 1.

To be an inclusive curriculum, communication within the school community and the learning and teaching resources need to be accessible for all learners. This includes the format choice e.g. use of IT and also how the resources are differentiated to enable all learners to access them as independently as possible.

1.1. The Scottish context for dyslexia and inclusive practice

2. Understanding dyslexia