15.2  Policy development

Policies are designed to serve the public at large, so policy development should be participatory, democratic and transparent. The process involves both top-down (initiating draft policies) and bottom-up (getting responses and feedback) approaches. Policy development has three main processes:

  • identifying the need for a policy
  • formulating the policy
  • monitoring the policy and evaluating its effectiveness.

15.1.2  Policies, strategies and programmes

15.2.1  Initiating a policy idea