15.6  Climate policies

As you know from previous study sessions, climate change is causing higher temperatures and changing rainfall patterns leading to increased drought and flooding. Flooding can destroy poorly constructed latrines and pumps and contaminate drinking water sources unless they are built with the risks from flooding in mind.

  • Look at the pump in Figure 15.4. What aspects of its construction will help resist damage from flooding?

  • The base is raised higher than the ground surface and it has a solid concrete cover which should be watertight to prevent floodwater entering the well or borehole.

Figure 15.4  A newly constructed hand pump.

15.5.2  Ethiopian Water Resources Management Proclamation (No. 197/2000)

15.6.1  Ethiopian Programme of Adaptation to Climate Change (EPACC)