Skip to main content

About this free course

Download this course

Share this free course

Promoting the effective management of children’s pain
Promoting the effective management of children’s pain

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.


Alotaibi, K., Higgins, I. and Chan, S. (2019) ‘Nurses’ knowledge and attitude toward pediatric pain management: a cross-sectional study,’ Pain Management Nursing, 20(2), pp. 118–125.
Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists (2012) ‘Good practice in postoperative and procedural pain management’, Pediatric Anesthesia, 22(1), pp. 1–79.
Bettle, A., Latimer, M., Fernandez, C. and Hughes, J. (2018) ‘Supporting parents’ pain care involvement with their children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a qualitative interpretive description,’ Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 35(1), pp. 43–55.
Chabot B. and Ferlanda C. E. (2020) ‘Inpatient postoperative undesirable side effects of analgesics management: a pediatric patients and parental perspective’, Pain Reports, 5(5) p. 845. Available at:
Carter, B., Arnott, J., Simons, J. and Bray, L. (2017) ‘Developing a sense of knowing and acquiring the skills to manage pain in children with profound cognitive impairments: mothers’ perspectives,’ Pain Research and Management. Article ID 2514920.
Carter, B., Simons, J., Bray, L. and Arnott, J. (2016) ‘Navigating uncertainty: health professionals’ knowledge, skill, and confidence in assessing and managing pain in children with profound cognitive impairment,’ Pain Research and Management. Article ID 8617182.
Chng H. Y., Mackey, S., Wee Liam, J. L., Zhu, L. and Fong Cheng, K. K. (2015) ‘Parents’ knowledge, attitudes, use of pain relief methods and satisfaction related to their children’s postoperative pain management: a descriptive correlational study’, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24, pp. 1630–1642. Available at:
Eccleston, C., Fisher, E., Howard, R. F., Slater R., Forgeron P. et al. (2020) ‘Delivering transformative action in paediatric pain: a Lancet Child and Adolescent Health Commission’, The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health Commission, 5(1), pp.47–87. Available at:
Fortier, M. A. and Kain, Z. N. (2015) ‘Treating perioperative anxiety and pain in children: a tailored and innovative approach’, Pediatric Anesthesia, 25(1), pp. 27–35.
Gai, N., Naser, B., Hanley, J., Peliowski, A., . Hayes, J. and Aoyama, K. (2020) ‘A practical guide to acute pain management in children,’ Journal of Anesthesia, 34(3), pp. 421–433.
Gostian, A-O., Loeser, J., Tholen, C., Heindl, L. M., Balk, M. and Gostian, M. (2020) ‘Postoperative pain after tonsillectomy – the value of standardized analgesic treatment protocols’, Auris Nasus Larynx, 47(6), pp.1009–1017. Available at:
Groenewald, C. B., Rabbitts, J. A., Schroeder, D. R. and Harrison, T. E. (2012) ‘Prevalence of moderate-severe pain in hospitalized children’, Pediatric Anesthesia, 22(7), pp. 661–668.
Jenkins, B. N., Fortier, M. A., Stevenson, R., Makhlouf, M., Lim, P., Converse, R. and Kain, Z. N. (2019) ‘Changing healthcare provider and parent behaviors in the pediatric post‐anesthesia‐care‐unit to reduce child pain: Nurse and parent training in postoperative stress’, Pediatric anesthesia, 29(7) pp. 730–737. Available at:
Kozlowski, K. L., Kost-Byerly, S., Colantuoni E. et al. (2014) ‘Pain prevalence, intensity, assessment and management in a hospitalized pediatric population,’ Pain Management Nursing, 15(1), pp. 22–35.
Krishnamurti, L., Smith-Packard, S., Gupta, A., Campbell, A., Gunawardena, S. and Saladino, R. (2014) ‘Impact of individualized pain plan on the emergency management of children with sickle cell disease,’ Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 61(10), pp. 1747–1753.
Lim, S. H., Mackey, S. Wee Liam, J. L. and He H. (2012) ‘An exploration of Singaporean parental experiences in managing school-aged children’s postoperative pain: a descriptive qualitative approach’, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21, pp. 860–869. Available at:
Linhares, M. B. M., Doca, F. N. P., Martinez F. E. et al. (2012) ‘Pediatric pain: prevalence, assessment, and management in a teaching hospital,’ Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 45(12), pp. 1287–1294.
Lundeberg, S. (2015) ‘Pain in children—are we accomplishing the optimal pain treatment?’ Pediatric Anesthesia, 25(1), pp. 83–92.
MacDougall, T., Cunningham, S., . Whitney, L. and Sawhney, M. (2020) ‘Improving pediatric experience of pain during vaccinations: a quality improvement project,’ International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 32(6), pp. 1034–1040.
Persino, P. R., Saleh, L. and Walner, D. L. (2017) ‘Pain control following tonsillectomy in children: A survey of patients’, International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology,103, pp. 76–79, ISSN 0165-5876. Available at:
Royal College of Nursing (2009) Clinical Practice Guideline: The Recognition and Assessment of Acute Pain in Children, Royal College of Nursing, London, UK.
Simons, J. (2015) ‘A proposed model of the effective management of children’s pain,’ Pain Management Nursing, 16(4), pp. 570–578.
Simons, J., Carter, B. and Craske, J. (2020) ‘Developing a Framework to Support the Delivery of Effective Pain Management for Children: An Exploratory Qualitative Study’, Pain Research and Management Article ID 5476425. Available at:
Simons, J., Franck, L. S. and Roberson, E. (2001) ‘Parent Involvement in Children’s Pain Care: Views of Parents and Nurses’, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36(4), pp. 591–599.
Sutters, K. A., Savedra, M. C., Miaskowski C. et al. (2007) ‘Children’s expectations of pain, perceptions of analgesic efficacy, and experiences with nonpharmacologic pain management strategies at home following tonsillectomy,’ Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 12(3), pp. 139–148.
Treadgold, R., Boon, D., Squires, P., Courtman, S. and Endacott, R. (2019) ‘Implementation of paediatric pain care-bundle across South-West England clinical network of emergency departments and minor injury units: a before and after study,’ International Emergency Nursing, 43, pp. 56–60.
Twycross, A. and Finley, G. A. (2013) ‘Children’s and parents’ perceptions of postoperative pain management: a mixed methods study,’ Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(21-22) pp. 3095–3108.
Twycross, A. (2013) ‘Nurses’ views about the barriers and facilitators to effective management of pediatric pain,’ Pain Management Nursing, 14(4), pp. e164–e172.
Twycross, A., Dowden, S., and Bruce, L. (Eds.) (2009) Managing pain in children: A clinical guide. Ames, IA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Valizadeh, F., Ahmadi, F. and Zarea, K. (2016) ‘Neglect of Postoperative Pain Management in Children: A Qualitative Study Based on the Experiences of Parents’, Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 31, pp. 439–448.
Vasey, J., Smith J., Kirshbaum, M. N. and Chirema, K. (2019) ‘Tokenism or true partnership: parental involvement in a child’s acute pain care,’ Journal of Clinical Nursing, 28(9-10), pp. 1491–1505.
Vejzovic, V., Bozic, J., Panova, G., Babajic, M. and Bramhagen, A-C. (2020) ‘Children still experience pain during hospital stay: a cross-sectional study from four countries in Europe’, BMC pediatrics, 20(1), pp. 39–39. Available at:
Zhu, L., Chan, W-C, S., Liam, J. L.W. et al. (2018)‘Effects of postoperative pain management educational interventions on the outcomes of parents and their children who underwent an inpatient elective surgery: a randomized controlled trial’, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 74(7), pp. 1517–1530.