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A brief history of communication: hieroglyphics to emojis
A brief history of communication: hieroglyphics to emojis

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This free course was written by Philip Seargeant, with additional material by David Hann. It was published in December 2018.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.


Figure 1 (218690) Emoji as decorative feature: Architect - ‘Attika architekten’, Photographer - ‘Bart van Hoek’

Figure 2 (218416) Hieroglyphics: From Pixabay. Covered under Creative Commons licence CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication

Figure 3 (218696) The Lascaux Cave paintings: © Prof Saxx, cleared under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Figure 4 (218698) Sumerian Cuneiform Tablet: © Igor Dmitriev/

Figure 11 (218700) Gedoen Maheux: © Gedoen Maheux

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