Adan, R. A. H., Van Der Beek, E. M., Buitelaar, J. K., Cryan, J. F., Hebebrand, J., Higgs, S., Schellekens, H. & Dickson, S. L. (2019) ‘Nutritional psychiatry: Towards improving mental health by what you eat’, European Neuropsychopharmacology, 29, 1321–1332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2019.10.011.
Barrett-Lennard, G. T. (1999) Carl Rogers’ Helping System : Journey & Substance, London, Sage Publications.
Baum, K. T., Desai, A., Field, J., et al. (2014) ‘Sleep restriction worsens mood and emotion regulation in adolescents’, Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, vol 55, no. 2, pp. 180–190.
Brand, S., Kalak, N., Gerber, M., et al. (2017) ‘During early to mid adolescence, moderate to vigorous physical activity is associated with restoring sleep, psychological functioning, mental toughness and male gender’, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol 35, no. 5, pp. 426–434.
Cairns, K., Potter, S., Nicholas, M., et al. (2019) ‘Development of ReachOut Parents: a multi-component online program targeting parents to improve youth mental health outcomes’, Advances in Mental Health, vol 17, no. 1, pp. 55–71.
Carter, T., Guo, B., Turner, D., et al. (2015) ‘Preferred intensity exercise for adolescents receiving treatment for depression: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial’, BMC Psychiatry, vol 15, no. 1, pp. 247.
Crowley, Stephanie J, Acebo, Christine, & Carskadon, Mary A. (2006) ‘Sleep, circadian rhythms, and delayed phase in adolescence’, Sleep Medicine, vol. 8 no.6, pp. 602-612.
Epic Friends (n.d.) Listening [Online]. Available at http://epicfriends.co.uk/ listening [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] (Accessed 21 December 2021).
Gindidis, S., Stewart, S. and Roodenburg, J. (2019) ‘A systematic scoping review of adolescent mental health treatment using mobile apps’, Advances in Mental Health, vol 17, no. 2, pp. 161–177.
Guthold, R., Stevens, G. A., Riley, L. M. and Bull, F. C. (2020) ‘Global trends in insufficient physical activity among adolescents: a pooled analysis of 298 population-based surveys with 1.6 million participants’, The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(1), pp. 23–35.
Hagell, A. (2016) The connections between young people’s mental health and sport participation: Scoping the evidence [Online]. Association for Young People’s Health. Available at http://www.youngpeopleshealth.org.uk/ wp-content/ uploads/ 2016/ 11/ AYPH-health-and-sport-review-Nov-2016.pdf (Accessed 21 December 2021).
Hanley, T., Prescott, J. and Gomez, K. U. (2019) ‘A systematic review exploring how young people use online forums for support around mental health issues’, Journal of Mental Health, 28(5), pp. 566–576.
Howlett, N., Bottoms, L., Chater, A. et al. (2021) ‘A randomised controlled trial of energetic activity for depression in young people (READY): a multi-site feasibility trial protocol’, Pilot Feasibility Stud 7(6) https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-020-00734-7
Liu, L. and Zhu, G. (2018) ‘Gut–Brain Axis and Mood Disorder’, Front. Psychiatry, vol. 9, p 223. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00223
Marshall, J. M., Dunstan, D. A. and Bartik, W. (2019) ‘Clinical or gimmickal: The use and effectiveness of mobile mental health apps for treating anxiety and depression’, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol 54, no. 1, pp. 20–28.
McMahon, E. M., Corcoran, P., O’Regan, G., et al. (2017) ‘Physical activity in European adolescents and associations with anxiety, depression and well-being’, European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 26(1), pp. 111–122.
NHS (2018a) Healthy eating for teens [Online]. Available at https://www.nhs.uk/ live-well/ eat-well/ healthy-eating-for-teens/ (Accessed 21 December 2021).
NHS (2018b) Eat Well [Online]. Available at https://www.nhs.uk/ live-well/ eat-well/ (Accessed 21 December 2021)
NHS (2017) Sleep tips for teenagers [Online]. Available at https://www.nhs.uk/ live-well/ sleep-and-tiredness/ sleep-tips-for-teenagers/ ?tabname=sleep-tips (Accessed 21 December 2021).
NICE (n.d.) Depression: Description of condition [Online]. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Available at https://bnfc.nice.org.uk/ treatment-summary/ depression.html (Accessed 21 December 2021).
Reicher, T. C. F., Veitz, S., Bühler, M. et al. (2020), ‘Wide awake at bedtime? Effects of caffeine on sleep and circadian timing in male adolescents – A randomized crossover trial’, Biochemical Pharmacology, 114283.
Richards, G. & Smith, A. (2015) ‘Caffeine consumption and self-assessed stress, anxiety, and depression in secondary school children’, Journal of Psychopharmacology, 29, 1236–1247.
Stavrakakis, N., Roest, A. M., Verhulst, F., et al. (2013) ‘Physical activity and onset of depression in adolescents: A prospective study in the general population cohort TRAILS’, Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol 47, no. 10, pp. 1304–1308.
Short, Michelle A, Gradisar, Michael, Lack, Leon C, & Wright, Helen R. (2013). ‘The impact of sleep on adolescent depressed mood, alertness and academic performance’, Journal of Adolescence, Vol 36, no. 6, pp. 1025–1033.
stem4 (n.d.) Talking to your teenager [Online]. Available at https://4123n13bqnypihxzs1aprwwe-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/ wp-content/ uploads/ 2019/ 09/ stem4-Talking-to-your-teenager-about-depression-v2.pdf (Accessed 21 December 2021).
Studer, Petra, Brucker, Judith M, Haag, Cornelia, Van Doren, Jessica, Moll, Gunther H, Heinrich, Hartmut, & Kratz, Oliver (2019), ‘Effects of blue- and red-enriched light on attention and sleep in typically developing adolescents’, Physiology & Behavior, Vol 199, pp. 11–19.
Tarokh, L., Saletin, J. M. and Carskadon, M. A. (2016) ‘Sleep in adolescence: Physiology, cognition and mental health’, Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews, vol 70, pp. 182–188.
Wilson, Valerie (2011), ‘Non-diabetic hypoglycaemia: causes and pathophysiology’, Nursing Standard, 25(46), p. 35. Gale Academic OneFile, link.gale.com/ apps/ doc/ A263879014/ AONE?u=tou&sid=AONE&xid=b6d942ce (Accessed 21 December 2021)
World Health Organization (2020a) WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour [Online]. Available at https://www.who.int/ publications/ i/ item/ 9789240015128 (Accessed 21 December 2021)
World Health Organization (2020b) WHO Guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour: web annex evidence profiles [Online]. Available at https://www.who.int/ publications/ i/ item/ 9789240015111 (Accessed 21 December 2021)
YoungMinds (2020) Starting the conversation [Online]. Available at https://youngminds.org.uk/ starting-a-conversation-with-your-child/ starting-the-conversation/ (Accessed 21 December 2021).