60-Second Adventures in Astronomy. Number 3-- Exoplanets.
Like fussy holiday makers looking for a home from home, astronomers are fascinated by finding planets similar to Earth beyond our Solar System. But planets outside our Solar System, known as exoplanets, are difficult to spot because they get lost in the glare from the star they orbit, like a mosquito flying around a street lamp.
So how do you see something that's effectively invisible? Observing the changing appearance of some stars, astronomers found that an exoplanet could be detected by measuring the effect of its gravitational pull on the star it orbits. Some can also be detected if they pass in front of their star, causing its light to dim slightly, like a wink. You can even work out the planet's mass and size from the amount of the star's wobble and the depth of its wink, which gives us a pretty good idea of what it's made of.
Some exoplanets may even contain water because they orbit their stars in the Goldilocks zone. Any further away, they'd be too cold. Any closer, too hot. And although hundreds of exoplanets has been discovered, astronomers haven't yet found one that's just like the Earth. Who needs a second home anyway?
Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University.
The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now.
Take a look at all Open University courses.
If you are new to University-level study,
we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an
Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on
Where to take your learning next for more information.