Skip to content
Skip to main content

About this free course

Download this course

Share this free course

Managing my investments
Managing my investments

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.


Porter, M.E. (1979) ‘How competitive forces shape strategy’, Harvard Business Review , vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 137–45.

Porter, M.E. (1996) ‘What is strategy?, Harvard Business Review , vol. 74, no. 6, pp. 61–78.

Porter, M.E. (2008) ‘The five competitive forces that shape strategy’, Harvard Business Review , vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 78–93.

Sloan, A. (2004) IPO’s success doesn’t justify Google’s price [Online]. Available at (Accessed 28 February 2005).