Looking globally: the future of education
Looking globally: the future of education

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Week 1: Is education fit for the future?


Welcome to Week 1 of Looking globally: the future of education.

Governments across the world spend vast amounts of money on education every year – often prioritising this over other important areas such as health. Globally, the idea of ‘universal primary education’ – the aim that all children will be given access to a full course of primary schooling – is seen as important enough to have been enshrined in the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (United Nations, 2006).

But why is education seen as so important? What vital purpose is education seen to fulfil? The American philosopher and educational reformer John Dewey gave his view of this in 1934:

The purpose of education has always been to everyone, in essence, the same: to give the young the things they need in order to develop in an orderly, sequential way into members of society. This was the purpose of the education given to a little aboriginal in the Australian bush before the coming of the white man. It was the purpose of the education of youth in the golden age of Athens. It is the purpose of education today, whether this education goes on in a one-room school in the mountains of Tennessee or in the most advanced, progressive school in a radical community. But to develop into a member of society in the Australian bush had nothing in common with developing into a member of society in ancient Greece, and still less with what is needed today. Any education is, in its forms and methods, an outgrowth of the needs of the society in which it exists.

(Dewey, 1934)
A photograph of the American educational reformer John Dewey
Figure 2 The American educational reformer John Dewey.

Think about:

Although some of the phrases in this quote may seem jarring or out of date, how far do you agree that:

  • the purpose of education is to pass on the culture of a society to the young?
  • education developed in one era or culture can be exported to another?

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