Primary education: listening and observing
Primary education: listening and observing

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1.1 Computing and the school curriculum

In England, computing replaced ICT as a national curriculum subject for all age groups. Similar changes have taken place across other UK countries, Europe and beyond. Read the table to see these similarities.

Table 1 Computing in schools
EnglandThe first country in the European Union to make computing compulsory for 5 to 16 year olds.
Northern IrelandUsing ICT is a statutory cross-curricular skill in the primary curriculum.
ScotlandTechnologies is a primary curriculum area and includes computing as a distinct aspect of knowledge.
WalesA Digital Competence Framework includes computer science as a subject in the primary curriculum.
FinlandProgramming is a mandatory element of the primary curriculum.
New ZealandDigital Technologies curriculum for primary schools.
AustraliaNational Curriculum in Digital Technologies for primary schools.
SwedenComputing is introduced from the first year of primary school.

As the table shows, computing is increasingly seen as an important subject. But this presents some challenges. Teachers report that they are unsure about their own computing subject knowledge, and what are the best ways to support children’s computing learning (Sentence and Csizmadia, 2017).

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