11 Summary of Session 8
The main learning points from this session are:
- Eight psychological strategies for managing and reducing burnout were identified along with a source for additional information. These strategies can often also be used to help prevent burnout.
- Three burnout reduction strategies were outlined in detail:
- self-compassion – used to help counter anxiety, self-criticism and perfectionism, and which can enhance athlete coping skills. Self-compassion helps athletes treat themselves kindly rather than being harsh and self-critical.
- goal setting – this was applied to burnout and emphasised distinctions between:
– outcome, performance and process goals
– SMARTER principles of effective goal setting, and
– short-term and long-term goals.
- social support – the perception of support was highlighted as important. DeFreese and Smith (2013) link its effectiveness to Self-determination theory. Social support can partly be achieved by using:
– the person-centred concepts of congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy, and
– knowledge of different types of social support, and the positive encouragement of social networks, interactions and activities amongst squads and groups.