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Exploring the psychological aspects of sport injury
Exploring the psychological aspects of sport injury

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6 Summary of Session 3

In this session you have explored some of the psychological factors that may increase an individual’s risk of developing a sport injury.

The main learning points from this session are:

  • Injuries can be caused by physical, environmental, socio-cultural and psychological factors.
  • Stress and personality are the two main psychological factors that have been investigated.
  • The Stress and Injury model (Williams and Andersen, 1998) explains the links between stress, personality and injury.
  • Stress can potentially increase the risk of injury by various mechanisms such as distraction, attention narrowing, muscle tension, immunosuppression and sleep disturbance.
  • Personality factors such as competitive trait anxiety and negative mood may increase the risk of injury.

In the next session, you will examine some of the psychological interventions that could be used to reduce the risk of developing a sport injury.