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The psychological processes involved in thinking, learning, planning and problem-solving, and in the understanding and use of language.
strategies or preferences for thinking and processing information.
A medical term for
the presence of one or more conditions or disorders alongside a primary
condition. In autism, epilepsy is a common co-morbid condition.
The extent to which
the same (or a similar) condition, characteristic or trait is present in both
members of a pair of twins or siblings.
A sequence of items or
entities running along a continuous scale such that differences between items
are gradual rather than abrupt.
A group of
participants in an experiment or other systematic study used as a standard
against which others are measured. This could be a group who do not receive an
intervention, or it could be a group who do not have autism.
A formal evaluation of an intervention, with more participants than a
pilot study. Typically it would involve two groups of participants on the
autism spectrum, matched for level of symptoms, age and IQ. One group receives
the intervention and the other receives no intervention or treatment as usual. Comparing
the groups’ skills and behaviours after the study permits efficacy of the
intervention to be evaluated.
Coordinated Support Plan (CSP)
A legal document in
Scotland drawn up by the local authority, after specialist reports are
obtained, which specifies the support a child or young person up to age 19
needs in school.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Complex molecules in cells that contain the
instructions necessary in the development and functioning of all living
organisms. DNA consists of long twisted strands, each composed of a precise
sequence of units. Sections of these units form genes.