Understanding research with children and young people
Understanding research with children and young people

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Understanding research with children and young people

Session 3: The TRREEE principles

Introduction

So far, you have gained insight into the fundamental rights of children and young people contained in the UNCRC, and considered the importance of involving them in research that concerns them or affects their lives. In this Session you will be provided with a framework which can underpin all research with and by children, to help you start to formulate your own research project ideas and consider how you will go about carrying them out.

By the end of this session, you should be able to:

  • explain what is meant by the TRREEE principles underpinning research with children and young people
  • list three practical things you would do in preparation for starting your project
  • demonstrate how you have understood ethical considerations in the practical preparations you have in mind.

Watch this short video which illustrates how this framework can be summarised in six key principles, the ‘TRREEE’ principles. Make notes as you watch, if you need to, then try the activity which follows.

Download this video clip.Video player: Video 1
Skip transcript: Video 1

Transcript: Video 1

[MUSIC PLAYING]

SPEAKER 1
The TRREEE principles guide all our research with children and young people. It’s important to capture their views and also to support them to carry out research or contribute meaningfully to it. It’s essential to start from a position of trust in children and young people.
And respect for their views and insights, not just listening, but also hearing what they say and being prepared to act on what they have said. Central to this are the children’s rights under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, to be consulted on matters that affect them and to express their views freely from the way schools are run to the discussions around climate change.
All research must follow ethical principles such as obtaining children and young people’s valid consent to take part. Children and young people are the experts in their lives. Adults need their insights of what it’s like for them in today’s world.
This approach to research can be a rewarding experience for all. Adults learn more about the reality of children’s lives. And young people gain a sense of achievement, some transferable skills, and can have fun and enjoy the experience.
End transcript: Video 1
Video 1
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Activity 1

Timing: Allow approximately 15 minutes.

In the list below, which were the words summarised as the TRREEE principles? Tick the ones that you met as you watched the video:

a. 

Trust


b. 

Theory


c. 

Reliability


d. 

Respect


e. 

Rights


f. 

Research


g. 

Responsibility


h. 

Ethics


i. 

Expertise


j. 

Education


k. 

Experience


The correct answers are a, d, e, h, i and k.

Answer

Answers to Activity 1: words summarised as the TRREEE principles.
Correct Incorrect
Trust Theory
Respect Reliability
Rights Research
Ethics Responsibility
Expertise Education
Experience  

Later in this session you will see some specific examples of research with and by children and young people, and you will see how the TRREEE principles run through those research examples. Before you do that, think about what it will be like to carry out your own research. How will you get started? In the box below, see if you can note the first three steps you will need to take to get your project started.

Activity 2

Timing: Allow approximately 15 minutes.

1. What age group of children/young people will you be working with?

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2. Have you identified the focus of your enquiry?

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3. Whose help or support will you need to seek? Will you need to gain permission?

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