Exploring learning disabilities: supporting belonging
Exploring learning disabilities: supporting belonging

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Exploring learning disabilities: supporting belonging

Session 2: History: different approaches to learning disability over time

Introduction

In this second session, you will learn how ideas about learning disabilities have changed over time. It’s a little known history, but an important one if you are to understand the lives of people with learning disabilities today.

You will learn about the recent past through watching an animated timeline, Present in My Past, made by Purple Patch Arts, and through studying the lives of two women – Mabel and Bernie. Both Mabel and Bernie were born in the mid-twentieth century and lived through momentous changes in the way learning disabilities are thought about.

To start this session watch this video which introduces Mabel Cooper.

Download this video clip.Video player: Video 1
Skip transcript: Video 1

Transcript: Video 1

MABEL COOPER
I think this story is just telling people that it's wrong to shut people with learning difficulties away.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
I was born in 1944. I didn't really know my mum. I was taken away when I was four weeks old because they said my mum was begging on the street. I was put into care. My mum was also put into care. She stayed there for two months and then ran away, and they didn't see her anymore after that.
When I was 11, I went to St. Lawrence's Hospital which housed 2,000 people with learning difficulties. They called us hurtful names like idiots, moral defective. When I went to St. Lawrence's, you could just hear the noise outside, the screaming and what have you. When you're 11 and you go into these big buildings, into something like St. Lawrence's, it's very frightening. You'd think you were going to a madhouse because of the noise.
End transcript: Video 1
Video 1
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

Looking at this recent history, you will begin to understand why human rights have been problematic for people with learning disabilities, and why there was a need for a special UN Declaration for Disabled People.

In this session you will explore:

  • the different ways learning disabilities have been viewed since the 18th century
  • life for people with learning disabilities who lived in institutions in the 20th century
  • life for people with learning disabilities who lived in the community in the 20th century
  • how learning disability policy has changed over time.

The history you will cover in this session is a western one, applying to the UK, and to some extent other English-speaking countries like the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It would be a different story if other parts of the world were considered; regrettably there is not time in the course to cover this. If you wish to find out more, you will find ideas in the ‘Want to know more?’ section at the end of the session.

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