Language, notation and formulas
Language, notation and formulas

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Language, notation and formulas

2.8.1 Try some yourself

Activity 9

What do the following mean?

  • (a) (5 + 8)/(4 − 2)

  • (b) 5 + 8/4 − 2

  • (c) (4 + 5)(5 − 2)

  • (d)

  • (e)

  • (f)

  • (g) (12 − 9)−1

Answer

  • (a) Add 5 and 8, and then divide the result by the difference between 4 and 2. (This gives .)

  • (b) Add 5 to the division 8/4, and then subtract 2. (This gives 5.)

  • (c) Multiply the sum of 4 and 5 by the difference between 5 and 2. (This gives 27.)

  • (d) Multiply 9 by the square root of 4. (This gives 18.)

  • (e) Multiply 5 by 6, and then divide by 2. (This gives 15.)

  • (f) The cube of the square root of 25. (That is, 125.)

  • (g) The reciprocal of 12 minus 9. (That is, )

Activity 10

What do these symbols mean?

  • (a) =

  • (b) <

  • (c) >

  • (d)

Answer

  • (a) = means ‘equals’ or ‘equal to’ or ‘which equals’.

  • (b) < means ‘less than’ or ‘which is less than’.

  • (c) > means ‘greater than’ or ‘which is greater than’.

  • (d) means ‘is approximately equal to’.

Activity 11

What do the following mean?

  • (a) mass ≥ 10 kg

  • (b) time < 2.4 × 106 h

  • (c) 2/3 ≠ 0.67

Answer

  • (a) The mass is greater than or equal to 10 kg.

  • (b) The time is less than 2.4 million hours.

  • (c) Two-thirds (or 2 divided by 3) is not equal to 0.67.

MU120_4M6

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