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Croeso: Beginners' Welsh
Croeso: Beginners' Welsh

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2 Sesiwn 2

In this session you will learn about greetings and introductions, how to count from zero to ten and you will practise the days of the week.

Ymarfer 1

Read these phrases, then listen to them on the audio clip below and repeat. Note that the common greeting Sut mae? is pronounced shwmai in South Wales.

Sut mae?How are things/you?
Bore daGood morning
Prynhawn daGood afternoon
Noswaith ddaGood evening
HwylGoodbye (informal)
Da boch chiGoodbye (formal)
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Ymarfer 2

Which greeting would you use at different times of day? Listen to audio track and respond appropriately.

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Ymarfer 3

This is how you introduce yourself. Listen to the audio clip and respond to the prompt.

  • Pwy dych chi? Who are you?

  • ___ dw i. I'm ___.

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You may want to add the following:

  • Braf cwrdd â chi. Nice meeting you.

Ymarfer 4

Read the following words and phrases used for introductions. Then play the audio clip, listening to the examples and repeating them in the pause. Note that the common greeting Sut dych chi? is pronounced shwd ŷ chi in South Wales.

Sut dych chi?How are you?
Da iawn, diolchVery well, thank you
IawnFine
Go lew/GweddolOK/Not bad
Wedi blinoTired
OfnadwyTerrible
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Ymarfer 5

In response to the question Sut dych chi? write an appropriate response to match the symbols.

Answer

You should have written the following:

(a) da iawn (diolch)

(b) ofnadwy

(c) go lew/gweddol

(ch) wedi blino

Ymarfer 6

Now listen to the audio clip where you will hear questions asked of the following people. Give the reply they would offer.

  • a.John – tired

  • b.Elisabeth – very well, thanks

  • c.Tom – terrible

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Ymarfer 7

Read the numbers first and then say them aloud. Then play the audio clip, listening to the pronunciation and repeating after each number.

0dim
1un
2dau
3tri
4pedwar
5pump
6chwech
7saith
8wyth
9naw
10deg
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Ymarfer 8

Listen to the numbers in the audio clip and say which number comes next.

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Ymarfer pellach

Here are some more ideas for number practice:

  • learn to say your own telephone number in Welsh

  • whenever you come across numbers during the day, try saying them in Welsh

  • practise counting down from 10 to 0.

Ymarfer 9

Now for some more practice. Say these sums aloud and answer them in Welsh. When you come across ‘+’, say a (and), and for ‘−’ say tynnu (take away).

(a) 3 + 5 =

(b) 9 − 4 =

(c) 3 + 4 − 7 =

(ch) 8 − 5 =

(d) 10 − 1 =

(dd) 3 + 7 =

(e) 4 + 6 − 8 =

Answer

How was your arithmetic? Did your sums go like this?

(a) tri + pump = wyth

(b) naw − pedwar = pump

(c) tri + pedwar − saith = dim

(ch) wyth − pump = tri

(d) deg − un = naw

(dd) tri + saith = deg

(e) pedwar + chwech − wyth = dau

Ymarfer 10

Look at the days of the week and find out what they are called in Welsh. Then listen to the audio clip and practise saying them.

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Now try to say the days of the week in order in Welsh, starting with Sunday. Use the jumbled list below to help you.

Ymarfer 11

Using the audio clip, listen to the prompts and say which day comes next.

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Ymarfer 12

Listen to the dialogue in the audio clip below and fill in the missing words.

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Huw
___da. Pwy dych chi?
Siân
Siân dw i. Pwy dych chi?
Huw
Huw dw i. Sut dych chi, ___ ?
Siân
___. Sut dych chi?
Huw
___. Braf cwrdd â chi. Hwyl!
Siân
___.
 

Answer

Here is the complete dialogue:

Huw
Bore da. Pwy dych chi?
Siân
Siân dw i. Pwy dych chi?
Huw
Huw dw i. Sut dych chi, Siân?
Siân
Wedi blino. Sut dych chi?
Huw
Da iawn. Braf cwrdd â chi. Hwyl!
Siân
Hwyl!
 

Ymarfer 13

Finally, test yourself on what you have learned in this session by listening to the English prompts in this audio clip and responding in Welsh.

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