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Moons of our Solar System
Moons of our Solar System

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This course was written by David Rothery and Simon Kelley. Further contributions were made by Susanne Schwenzer, Jessica Barnes, Jean-David Bodénan, Catherine Hill, James Mortimer, Elena Nickson, Phillipa Smith, Beth Steer and Felicity Williams.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

Course image


Figure 1, 19, 30, 33 Images courtesy of NASA

Figure 2 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL/Ted Stryk

Figure 3, 4, 27, 28, 37, 38, 30 40, 41 © The Open University

Figure 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Images courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

Figure 11, 12, 14, 15 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

Figure 13 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASI/Cornell

Figure 16, 17 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

Figure 18 Image courtesy of JAXA/NHK

Figure 20 Image courtesy of NASA/Space Exploration Resources/Adler Planetarium/Arizona State University

Figure 21 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona

Figure 22, 31 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL

Figure 23, 36 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL/USGS

Figure 24 Image courtesy of NASA, ESA, and L. Frattare (STScI)

Figure 25 Image courtesy of NASA-JHUAPL-SwRI

Figure 26 Image courtesy of Cassini NASA/ESA Mission/Fabio Di Donato

Figure 27 Image courtesy of NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

Figure 30 Image courtesy of NASA/University of Arizona

Figure 33 Courtesy of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio

Figure 36 Courtesy of NASA/CXC/M. Weiss

Figure 40 Courtesy of NASA-JHUAPL-SwRI


Week 1 guide © The Open University

Fascinating bodies © The Open University (some materials by courtesy of NASA)

Mythbusting moons © The Open University

Moons and planets © The Open University (some materials by courtesy of NASA)

The Moon’s orbit © The Open University

Prograde orbits © The Open University

Retrograde orbits © The Open University

Synchronous rotation © The Open University

NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio NASA SVS | Moon Phase and Libration, 2024

The Moon’s origin © The Open University

Bombardment history © The Open University (some materials by courtesy of NASA)

A very Nice model © The Open University (some materials by courtesy of NASA)

Tidal heating explained © The Open University (some materials by courtesy of NASA)

Tidal effects on Io and Europa © The Open University

Investigating orbital resonance © The Open University

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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