Moons of our Solar System
Moons of our Solar System

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Week 6: Water on the Moon


Scientists had long debated the presence of water, but the Apollo missions appeared to settle the matter – the Moon rocks were dry. In the few cases where water was detected, it appeared to be terrestrial contamination.

Jess introduces Week 6 and the debate around water on the Moon.

And here’s a note from Jess on her research:

My research fits into the hot debate ‘dry versus wet Moon’ as I’m working on determining the water content of a specific lunar mineral: apatite. This calcium phosphate mineral is important because it can lock up water in its crystal structure. Incidentally, apatite is the most commonly occurring hydrous lunar mineral and occurs in almost every rock type we have from the Moon. Knowing how much water is contained in a range of lunar rocks permits us to assess the water budget of the lunar interior including in some cases rocks that date back to just after the Moon was formed (c. 4.5 billion years ago).

In addition to quantifying the amount of water in lunar apatite my colleagues and I are measuring the hydrogen isotopic composition of the water. This is a very powerful tool since different Solar System objects have characteristic hydrogen isotopic signatures, allowing us to infer the origin of lunar-interior water. Our current understanding suggests that there is a strong link to some examples of a class of meteorites called carbonaceous chondrites and hints to a common origin for water within the Earth and the Moon.

Download this video clip.Video player: moons_1_vid048.mp4
Copy this transcript to the clipboard
Print this transcript
Show transcript|Hide transcript
Interactive feature not available in single page view (see it in standard view).

By the end of this week, you will be able to:

  • understand the debate around lunar water and the two kinds of Moon water
  • explore examples of how science advances by continuously testing hypotheses.

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371