Skip to content
Skip to main content

About this free course

Become an OU student

Download this course

Share this free course

Contemporary issues in managing
Contemporary issues in managing

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.


This free course was written by Gordon Liu. It was first published in June 2020.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this free course:


Course image: Photo by CoWomen from Pexels

Figure 1: PictureLux / The Hollywood Archive / Alamy Stock Photo

Figure 2, 4: Danique Van Kasteren /

Figure 5: The movement from Bureaucratic control to cultural control: Adapted from Ray, CA. (1986) 'Corporate culture: the last frontier of control', Journal of Management Studies, 23(3). John Wiley and Sons

Figure 6, 13, 19: Image by Jose R. Cabello from Pixabay

Figure 7: Image by CSU-Extension from Pixabay

Figure 9: (c) Smeltzer, Steve /

Figure 10: Pixabay. Covered under Creative Commons licence CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication

Figure 11: Derived from Ballantyne (2000b)

Figure 12: Copyright holder unknown

Figure 14: Image by Malachi Witt from Pixabay

Figure 15: Image by louisehoffmann83 from Pixabay

Figure 16: (c) Fran/

Figure 17: (c) Smeltzer, Steve,

Figure 18: Kipp Teague / NASA

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

Don't miss out

If reading this text has inspired you to learn more, you may be interested in joining the millions of people who discover our free learning resources and qualifications by visiting The Open University – openlearn/ free-courses.