Migration
Migration

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Migration

Acknowledgements

This course was written by Mandy Dyson and David Robinson.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

Course image: notspavin in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

Figures

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources:

Figure 2a: © iStockphoto.com/red_moon_rise.

Figure 2b: © iStockphoto.com/Jan Kratochvilla.

Figure 2c: © iStockphoto.com/Eric Lawton.

Figure 2d: © iStockphoto.com/Ai-Lan Lee.

Figure 2e: © iStockphoto.com/Frank Leung.

Figure 4: © J.J. Harrison. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.

Figure 5: © Adrian Riegen.

Figure 6a: © Jeff Schultz/AlaskaStock/Corbis.

Figure 6b: © Mettesd/Dreamstime.com.

Figure 8 Chiffchaff: ©iStockphoto.com/TobyPhotos.

Figure 8 Whinchat: ©iStockphoto.com/geoleo.

Figure 8 Nightingale: ©iStockphoto.com/BorislavFilev.

Figure 8 Blackcap: ©iStockphoto.com/Andrew_Howe.

Figure 8 Ring ouzel: Andreas Trepte. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.

Figure 8 Wood warbler: Steve Garvie. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.

Figure 9a: © Arco Images GmbH/Alamy.

Figure 10a:: © iStockphoto.com/The Power of Forever Photography.

Figure 10b: Adapted from a figure created by Melissa Mayntz, www.birding.about.com.

Figures 11a: © iStockphoto.com/Andy Gehrig.

Figure 11b: British Trust for Ornithology, www.bto.org/.

Figure 12: BirdLife International/www.birdlige.org.

Figure 13a: Pyshnyy Maxim Vjacheslavovich/Shutterstock.

Figures 13b, 14c and 15b: Taken from: All About Evolution by alexjiwon. www.allaboutevolution.wordpress.com/.

Figure 14a: Patrick Coin.

Figure 14b: John B. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/.

Figure 15a: © Rinus Baak/Dreamstime.com.

Figure 16: David Cook. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.

Figures 17 and 18: Zimmer, C. and Emlen, D. J. (2012) Evolution: Making Sense of Life. Roberts and Company Publishers.

Figure 21: Adapted from a figure created by the University of Miami, Department of Biology.

Figure 22a: ©iStockphoto.com/pjmalsbury.

Figure 22b: Fir0002/Flagstaffotos. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/.

Figure 23: Wojciechowski, M. S. and Pinshow, B. (2009) 'Heterothermy in small, migrating passerine birds during stopover: use of hypothermia at rest accelerates fuel accumulation', Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 212, The Company of Biologists Ltd.

Figure 24: © iStockphoto.com/dmaroscar.

Figure 25a: Oregon Department of Transportation. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/.

Figure 25b: Adapted from a figure from www.biocyclopedia.com.

Figure 26: © All Canada Photos/Alamy.

Figure 27: © iStockphoto.com/martinspurny.

Tables

Table 1: Adapted from Nebel, S. (2012) 'Animal migration', Nature Education Knowledge, vol. 3, no.10, p. 77, Nature Publishing Group.

Videos and audios

Video 1: Monarch Butterfly migration: from BBC Life, Ep 6 © BBC.

Video 2: The Humpback Whale: from BBC Life, Ep 3 © BBC.

Video 3: Bar-headed geese: from BBC Realm of the Russian Bear, Ep 2 22.11.1992 © BBC.

Video 4: Ospreys of Martha's Vineyard: from BBC Osprey Odyssey, 22.10.06 © BBC.

Video 5: Introduction to Darwin's Finches © The Open University.

Audio 1: Heart rate monitoring of migrating geese © The Open University.

Audio 2: Satellite tagging of migrating bar-tailed godwits - from World on the Move Ep24 29.07.08 © BBC.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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