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The use of force in international law
The use of force in international law

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Further reading

If you found the subject matter of this unit interesting, here are some further resources which you may find of interest.
BBC (2011) Rwanda: How the genocide happened, BBC News Africa [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .
Byers, M. (2002) ‘Terrorism, the Use of Force and International Law after 11 September’, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 401–14.
Cassese, A. (2005) International law, Chapter 18, Oxford University Press.
Cassese, A. ‘Terrorism is Also Disrupting Some Crucial Legal Categories of International Law’, European Journal of International Law, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 993–1001.
Charlesworth, H. (1984–7) ‘Customary International Law and the Nicaragua Case’, Australian Year Book of International Law, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1–32.
Chinkin, C. (1988–9) ‘A Gendered Perspective to the International Use of Force’, Australian Year Book of International Law vol. 12, pp. 279–93.
Drumbl, M., Reisman, W. M., Jinks, D., Dinstein, Y. and Glennon, M. J. (2003) ‘Self-defense in an age of terrorism’, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting (American Society of International Law), vol. 97, pp. 141–152.
European Journal of International Law blog (useful for up-to-date commentary on recent developments in international law).
For commentary on IHL and recent developments see: International Review of the Red Cross.
Nanda, V. P., Muther, T.F. and Eckhert, A.E. (1997) ‘Tragedies in Somalia, Yugoslavia, Haiti, Rwanda and Liberia – Revisiting the Validity of Humanitarian Intervention under International Law – Part II’, Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 827–70.
Reisman, M. (2007) ‘The Past and Future of the Claim of Pre-emptive Self-Defence’, American Journal of International Law vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 525–50.
Rodley, N. and Cali, B. (2007) ‘Revisiting Kosovo: Humanitarian Intervention on the Fault-lines of International Law’, Human Rights Law Review , vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 275–297.
Rogers, A.P.V. (2004) ‘Humanitarian Intervention and International Law’, Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 725–36.
Jennings, R. Y. (1938) ‘The Caroline and McLeod Cases’, American Journal of International Law vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 82–99.
Shah, N. A. (2007) ‘Self-defence, Anticipatory Self-defence and Pre-emption: International Law’s Response to Terrorism’, Journal of Conflict & Security Law, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 95–126.
Tesón, F. (2011) ‘Humanitarian Intervention: Loose Ends’, Journal of Military Ethics, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 192–212.
Trapp, K. (2007)‘Back to Basics: Necessity, Proportionality, and the Right of Self-Defence against Non-State Terrorist Actors’, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 141–56.