Self-Assessment Questions (SAQs) for Study Session 6

Now that you have completed this study session, you can assess how well you have achieved its Learning Outcomes by answering these questions. Write your answers in your Study Diary and discuss them with your Tutor at the next Study Support Meeting. You can check your answers with the Notes on the Self-Assessment Questions at the end of this Module.

SAQ 6.1 (tests Learning Outcome 6.1)

Which of the following items is consumable and which is non-consumable?

  • a.Antiseptic wipes
  • b.Oral polio vaccine
  • c.Thermometer
  • d.Stethoscope
  • e.Paracetamol syrup
  • f.Fetoscope

Answer

a. Antiseptic wipes, b. Oral polio vaccine and e. Paracetamol syrup are all consumable items.

c. Thermometer, d. Stethoscope and f. Fetoscope are non-consumable items.

SAQ 6.2 (tests Learning Outcome 6.2)

During a Friday vaccination session, the Health Extension Worker found that one of the ice packs in the vaccine carrier was leaking and the foam pad became wet. After the session was over, she left the vaccine carrier on the floor of the Health Post with the lid closed and went home for the weekend. What problem could result from her actions? What should she have done?

Answer

The vaccine carrier and the foam pad could become mouldy because they were left wet and enclosed for at least two days. This could mean that the vaccine carrier is not safe to use for the next vaccination session. The Health Extension Worker should have dried the vaccine carrier and foam pad before she went home, and left them with the lid open so the air can circulate to evaporate any remaining moisture.

SAQ 6.3 (tests Learning Outcome 6.3)

Make a list of what actions are expected from you as a Health Extension Practitioner in managing stocks of drugs and other pharmaceutical supplies at Health Post level.

Answer

You are expected to know how to do the following in order to manage drug stocks and other pharmaceutical supplies at Health Post level:

  • Estimating quantities of drugs required, based on usage rates.
  • Applying the FIFO and FEFO principles in storing and using drugs.
  • Monitoring the use of drugs, checking drug use against patient treatment and identifying discrepancies in drug treatment.
  • Making an inventory, identifying the common reasons for wastage of drugs and finding solutions for any problems.
  • Estimating when to reorder drugs in order to maintain essential health services and minimise wastage.
  • Controlling the presence of life-saving drugs and fluids in your stocks at all times.

SAQ 6.4 (tests Learning Outcome 6.4)

If on average you are treating five adults per day for malaria and the standard treatment in an adult is a total of 12 tablets of Coartem, how many tablets will you need for a three-month (90-day) period?

Answer

The calculation is as follows:

5 (patients) x 12 (tablets) x 90 (days) = 5,400. So you will need 5,400 tablets of Coartem for a three month period.

SAQ 6.5 (tests Learning Outcome 6.5)

If you do not educate patients or parents of child-patients carefully about their drug treatment, what problems could arise?

Answer

If the education you give is inadequate, patients could fail to take their drugs correctly, e.g. they may take too many tablets or not enough, or take them in the wrong dosages, or stop taking them too soon, etc. Their illness may not be treated effectively, or they may suffer side-effects from taking too many tablets. In the most extreme cases, the patient could die because the information about the treatment was not clearly explained and was not understood.

Summary of Study Session 6