Croeso: Beginners' Welsh
Croeso: Beginners' Welsh

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Croeso: Beginners' Welsh

3 Sesiwn 3

In this session you will learn how to ask for and give basic information.

Ymarfer 14

Read the following exchanges, then go to CD 1 Trac 17, listen and repeat what you hear.

Beth yw'ch enw chi? What's your name?
Huw dw i. I'm Huw.
Gareth dych chi? Are you Gareth?
Beth yw'ch rhif ffôn chi? What's your phone number?
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Transcript: Audio 17

B.
Dwedwch y geiriau ar ôl clywed y sain.
Say the words after hearing the sound.
A.
Beth yw’ch enw chi? (SFX) Beth yw’ch enw chi?
A.
Huw dw i. (SFX) Huw dw i.
A.
Gareth dych chi? (SFX) Gareth dych chi?
A.
Beth yw’ch rhif ffôn chi? (SFX) Beth yw’ch rhif ffôn chi?
End transcript: Audio 17
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Audio 17
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Ymarfer 15

Listen to CD 1 Trac 18. Make a note of the places and telephone numbers you hear, then play the Trac again and give the information in Welsh.

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Transcript: Audio 18

B.
Say the corresponding place and telephone number in Welsh.
B.
Aberystwyth 242 112
A.
Aberystwyth, dau, pedwar, dau, un, un, dau
B.
Llangollen 559 123
A.
Llangollen, pump, pump, naw, un, dau, tri
B.
Llanelli 257 257
A.
Llanelli, dau, pump, saith, dau, pump, saith
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Audio 18
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Lle Rhif
Enghraifft Caerdydd 567 900
Rhif ffôn 1
Rhif ffôn 2
Rhif ffôn 3

Answer

The answers for this activity are recorded on CD 1 Trac 18.

Ymarfer 16

Listen to the phrases on CD 1 Trac 19 and repeat them after the sound.

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Transcript: Audio 19

B.
Gwrandewch ar yr ymadroddion, a’u dweud ar ôl y sain.
Listen to these phrases and repeat after the sound.
A.
Ble dych chi’n byw? (SFX) Ble dych chi’n byw?
A.
Dw i’n byw yn Aberystwyth. (SFX) Dw i’n byw yn Aberystwyth.
A.
Dych chi’n byw yn Aberystwyth? (SFX) Dych chi’n byw yn Aberystwyth?
A.
Ydw, dw i’n byw yn Aberystwyth. (SFX) Ydw, dw i’n byw yn Aberystwyth?
A.
Nac ydw, dw i ddim yn byw yn Aberystwyth. (SFX) Nac ydw, dw i ddim yn byw yn Aberystwyth?
A.
O ble dych chi’n dod yn wreiddiol? (SFX) O ble dych chi’n dod yn wreiddiol?
A.
Beth dych chi’n wneud? (SFX) Beth dych chi’n wneud?
A.
Ble dych chi’n gweithio? (SFX) Ble dych chi’n gweithio?
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Audio 19
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Ble dych chi'n byw? Where do you live?
Dw i'n byw yn Aberystwyth. I live in Aberystwyth.
Dych chi'n byw yn Aberystwyth? Do you live in Aberystwyth?
Ydw, dw i'n byw yn Aberystwyth. Yes, I live in Aberystwyth.
Nac ydw, dw i ddim yn byw yn Aberystwyth. No, I don't live in Aberystwyth.
O ble dych chi'n dod yn wreiddiol? Where do you come from originally?
Beth dych chi'n wneud? What do you do?
Ble dych chi'n gweithio? Where do you work?
If you live near a town rather than in it, you may need to use ar bwys:
Dw i'n byw ar bwys Llanbed. I live near Lampeter.

Ymarfer 17

Now learn the phrases in Ymarfer 16 and test yourself using CD 1 Trac 20. Try to ask the questions without looking at the text.

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Transcript: Audio 20

B.
Gofynnwch y cwestiynau hyn. Ask these questions:
B.
Ask, “Where do you live?”
A.
Ble dych chi’n byw?
B.
Ask, “Do you live in Aberystwyth?”
A.
Dych chi’n byw yn Aberystwyth?
B.
Ask, “From where do you come originally?”
A.
O ble dych chi’n dod yn wreiddiol?
B.
Ask, “Where do you work?”
A.
Ble dych chi’n gweithio?
B.
Ask, “What do you do?”
A.
Beth dych chi’n wneud?
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Audio 20
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Fill in the gaps in the responses to the questions below.

Dych chi'n byw yn Llanelli?

  • a) ___, dw i'n byw yn Llanelli.

  • b) Nac ydw, ___ yn byw yn Llanelli.

  • c) ___, dw i'n byw yn Abertawe.

Dych chi'n byw ar bwys Wrecsam?

(ch) ___, dw i ddim yn byw ar bwys Wrecsam.

(d) Ydw, ___ ar bwys Wrecsam.

(dd) Nac ydw, ___ ar bwys Rhuthun.

If you were asked O ble dych chi'n dod yn wreiddiol? (Where do you come from originally?) you might answer:

Dw i'n dod o Bontypridd. I come from Pontypridd.
Dw i'n dod o Loegr. I come from England.
Dw i'n dod o Gwmbrân. I come from Cwmbrân.

What do you notice about the Welsh place-names Pontypridd, Lloegr and Cwmbrân in these sentences?

Answer

Here are the complete sentences:

Dych chi'n byw yn Llanelli?

  • a) Ydw, dw i'n byw yn Llanelli.

  • b) Nac ydw, dw i ddim yn byw yn Llanelli.

  • c) Nac ydw, dw i'n byw yn Abertawe.

Dych chi'n byw ar bwys Wrecsam?

(ch) Nac ydw, dw i ddim yn byw ar bwys Wrecsam.

(d) Ydw, dw i'n byw ar bwys Wrecsam.

(dd) Nac ydw, dw i'n byw ar bwys Rhuthun.

You will have noticed that the initial consonant of the Welsh place-names Pontypridd, Lloegr and Cwmbrân have been ‘softened’ to Bontypridd, Loegr and Gwmbrân. This is a regular change in Welsh known as the soft mutation, which is explained in the grammar section at the end of Session 3.

Ymarfer 18

Listen to CD 1 Trac 21 where you are asked to say where you live and where you come from originally. You will be prompted to use the places given in the grid below, and then to give your real details.

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Transcript: Audio 21

A.
Say that you live in Llangollen, and you come from Aberystwyth
B.
Dw i’n byw yn Llangollen, a dw i’n dod o Aberystwyth.
A.
Say that you live in Rhyl, and you come from Pontypridd
B.
Dw i’n byw yn y Rhyl, a dw i’n dod o Bontypridd.
A.
Say that you live in Aberaeron, and you come from England
B.
Dw i’n byw yn Aberaeron a dw i’n dod o Loegr.
A.
Say that you live in Ynys Môn, and you come from Cwmbrân.
B.
Dw i’n byw yn Ynys Môn a dw i’n dod o Gwmbrân.
A.
Say where you actually live and where you actually come from originally.
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Audio 21
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You live in You come from
1 Llangollen Aberystwyth
2 Y Rhyl Pontypridd
3 Aberaeron England
4 Ynys Môn (Anglesey) Cwmbrân

Ymarfer 19

If you were asked Beth dych chi'n wneud? (What do you do?) you might use one of the following answers.

Athro dw i. I'm a teacher. (male)
Athrawes dw i. I'm a teacher. (female)
Gŵr tŷ dw i/Gwraig tŷ dw i. I'm a house husband/I'm a housewife.
Dw i wedi ymddeol. I'm retired.
Dw i'n ddi-waith. I'm unemployed.
Dw i'n gweithio mewn siop. I work in a shop.
Dw i'n gweithio yn y banc. I work in the bank.

Now listen to CD 1 Trac 22 and repeat what you hear.

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Transcript: Audio 22

B.
Dwedwch y geiriau ar ôl clywed y sain. Say the words after the sound.
A.
Athro dw i.
Athro dw i.
B.
Athrawes dw i.
Athrawes dw i.
A.
Gŵr tŷ dw i.
Gŵr tŷ dw i.
B.
Gwraig tŷ dw i.
Gwraig tŷ dw i.
A.
Dw i wedi ymddeol.
Dw i wedi ymddeol.
B.
Dw i’n ddi-waith.
Dw i’n ddi-waith.
A.
Dw i’n gweithio mewn siop.
Dw i’n gweithio mewn siop.
B.
Dw i’n gweithio yn y banc.
Dw i’n gweithio yn y banc.
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Audio 22
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Ymarfer pellach

Practise saying these extra phrases:

Mecanic dw i. I'm a mechanic.
Dw i'n gweithio yn Tesco. I work in Tesco.
Dw i'n gweithio fel actor. I work as an actor.
Dw i'n gweithio i M&S. I work for M&S.

Ymarfer 20

Listen to the dialogue on CD 1 Trac 23. How do the speakers answer these questions in Welsh?

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Transcript: Audio 23

A.
Now listen to the dialogue:
A.
Wel, helo, sut dych chi?
B.
Da iawn, diolch.
A.
Dych chi’n byw yn Aberhonddu nawr?
B.
Nac ydw. Dw i’n byw yn Llanelli.
A.
Beth dych chi’n wneud nawr?
B.
Dw i’n gweithio yn y banc. A chi?
A.
Dw i wedi ymddeol. A dw i’n dysgu Cymraeg!
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Audio 23
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Geraint Ffion
Sut dych chi?
Ble dych chi'n byw?
Beth dych chi'n wneud?

Try to pick up the second thing which Geraint says he does – it's a useful thing to know how to say.

Answer

Here is the completed grid:

Geraint Ffion
Sut dych chi? Da iawn
Ble dych chi'n byw? Yn Llanelli
Beth dych chi'n wneud? Dw i wedi ymddeol. Dw i'n gweithio yn y banc.

Geraint added ‘…a dw i'n dysgu Cymraeg’ (‘… and I'm learning Welsh’).

Ymarfer 21

Finally, use CD 1 Trac 24 to practise giving your own personal answers to the questions you have learned. If necessary, go back over some of the activities until you feel confident in using the language you have learned in this session.

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Transcript: Audio 24

B.
Nawr atebwch y cwestiynau hyn. Answer these questions using information about yourself.
A.
Beth yw’ch enw chi?
A.
O ble dych chi’n dod yn wreiddiol?
A.
Ble dych chi’n byw?
A.
Beth dych chi’n wneud?
A.
Ble dych chi’n gweithio?
A.
Beth yw’ch rhif ffôn chi?
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Audio 24
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Geirfa

Nouns in Welsh are either masculine or feminine. Sometimes the gender of a word will be obvious from the meaning (e.g. athro, athrawes), but for others (e.g. siop, swyddfa) you need to learn the gender when you learn the word. In the Geirfa sections of Croeso you can assume that nouns are masculine – gwrywaidd – unless they are marked (b) – benywaidd (feminine). Look at your own Welsh dictionary now to check how it indicates the gender of nouns. It will be made clear later on why you need to know a noun's gender.

actor actor byw to live
actores (b) actress, female di-waith unemployed
actor dod to come
ar bwys near enw name
ar hyn o bryd at the moment gŵr tŷ house husband
athrawes (b) teacher (female) gwraig tŷ(b) housewife
athro teacher (male) gweithio to work
banc bank mewn in a
nawr now wedi ymddeol retired
o (+ TM) from (+ soft mutation) yn in + the/in + specific place
rhif ffôn phone number yn wreiddiol originally
siop (b) shop ysbyty hospital
swyddfa (b) office ysgol (b) school

Write down some vocabulary words that are relevant to you.

Gramadeg

a/an

Notice that there is no indefinite article (a/an) in Welsh:

athro a teacher
siop a shop

Mewn or yn?

Use mewn when it means ‘in a’:

  • in a hospital = mewn ysbyty

  • in a factory = mewn ffatri

Use yn when you refer to somewhere specific:

  • in the house = yn y tŷ

  • in Glangwili hospital = yn Ysbyty Glangwili

  • in the Sony factory = yn ffatri Sony

Mutations – Treigladau

Some consonants at the beginning of words undergo regular changes when in certain positions. The most common of these changes is known as the soft mutation (y treiglad meddal), which affects the initial letters listed in the table on the right. One place where this change occurs is after the word ‘from’. You will still be understood if you forget to use the mutated form, but, particularly when you need to find words in a dictionary, you need to be aware of the changes.

L196_1

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