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Croeso: Beginners' Welsh
Croeso: Beginners' Welsh

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4 Sesiwn 4

In this session you will work on asking for and giving basic information about another person.

Ymarfer 22

Read the dialogue below and note down the different ways you can ask who someone is. Notice the differences between ‘his name’ and ‘her name’ in Welsh. Then play the audio clip, listening to the questions and answers and repeating after the pause.

Beth yw ei enw e?What's his name?
Huw yw e.He's Huw.
Beth yw ei henw hi?What's her name?
Carol yw hi.She's Carol.
Pwy yw e?Who's he?
Simon yw e.He's Simon.
Pwy yw hi?Who's she?
Llinos yw hi.She's Llinos.
Gareth yw e?Is he/that Gareth?
Ie*Yes
Heulwen yw hi?Is she/that Heulwen?
Nage*No
* Note that ie and nage are used to answer a question which begins with a name or an occupation.
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Answer

You should have noted the following:

  • Beth yw ei enw e?

  • Beth yw ei henw hi?

  • Pwy yw e?

  • Pwy yw hi?

  • Gareth yw e?

  • Heulwen yw hi?

Did you notice the difference between ei enw e and ei henw hi?

Ymarfer 23

Now practise asking the questions. Listen to the English prompts in the audio clip and ask the correct questions in Welsh.

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Ymarfer 24

You now practise asking for a telephone number. Read the following questions and note down the differences between ‘his phone number’ and ‘her phone number’ in Welsh. Then listen to the first three phrases in the audio clip and repeat in the pause.

Beth yw ei rif ffôn e?What is his phone number?
Beth yw ei rhif ffôn hi?What is her phone number?
Beth yw rhif ffôn Carol?What is Carol's phone number?
Beth yw rhif ffôn Edward?What is Edward's phone number?

Answer

You only need to learn the phrases for now. Further explanation of the added h in ei henw hi and the change from rh to r in ei rif ffôn e can be found in other Welsh grammar reference materials, and will be provided for students registered on the full Croeso course.

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Ymarfer 25

Make up suitable questions or answers to complete the grid:

CwestiynauAtebion
John yw e.
Nage, Mair yw hi.
Beth yw ei rif ffôn e?
Beth yw ei henw hi?

Answer

Your completed grid should include the following:

Pwy yw e?John yw e.
(any female name) yw hi?Nage, Mair yw hi.
Beth yw ei rif ffôn e?(any telephone number)
Beth yw ei henw hi?(any female name)

Ymarfer 26

Read the following questions and responses, then play the audio clip and practise them.

Ble mae e'n byw?Where does he live?
Mae e'n byw mewn fflat.He lives in a flat.
Mae e'n byw ar fferm.He lives on a farm.
Ble mae hi'n byw?Where does she live?
Mae hi'n byw yn y wlad.She lives in the country.
Mae hi'n byw yn y dre.She lives in town.
O ble mae e'n dod yn wreiddiol?Where does he come from originally?
Mae e'n dod o Aberdâr yn wreiddiol.He comes from Aberdare originally.
O ble mae hi'n dod yn wreiddiol?Where does she come from originally?
Mae hi'n dod yn wreiddiol o'r Rhyl.She comes from Rhyl originally.
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Ymarfer 27

When you are confident that you know the expressions taught in Ymarfer 4.5, use the audio clip to test yourself.

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Ymarfer 28

Read the phrases below, then listen to the audio clip and repeat.

Beth mae e'n wneud?What does he do?
Mecanic yw e.He's a mechanic.
Beth mae hi'n wneud?What does she do?
Meddyg yw hi.She's a doctor.
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Ymarfer 29

Read the following and note the different ways of asking questions and responding positively or negatively.

Ydy e'n gweithio?Does he work?
Ydy, mae e'n gweithio fel garddwr.Yes, he works as a gardener.
Ydy, mae e'n gweithio gyda phlant.Yes, he works with children.
Nac ydy, mae e'n ddi-waith.No, he's unemployed.
Ydy hi'n gweithio?Does she work?
Ydy, mae hi'n gweithio fel ysgrifenyddes.Yes, she works as a secretary.
Nac ydy, mae hi wedi ymddeol.No, she's retired.

Ymarfer 90

Answer the questions based on the information in the following pictures.

(a) Ydy Siôn yn gweithio fel adeiladwr?

(b) Beth mae Catrin yn wneud?

(c) Ydy Iwan yn gweithio fel ffermwr?

(ch) Nyrs yw Nia?

(d) Plismon yw Hasan?

(dd) Beth mae Pádraig yn wneud?

(e) Ydy Iolo yn gweithio gyda chyfrifiaduron?

(f) Trydanwr yw Dic?

(ff) Ydy Mairead yn gweithio mewn swyddfa?

(g) Ydy Gwynfor wedi ymddeol?

(ng) Beth mae Ceinwen yn wneud?

(h) Ydy Helmut yn gweithio mewn siop?

Answer

Here are the correct answers:

(a) Ydy, mae e'n gweithio fel adeiladwr.

(b) Meddyg yw hi (or Mae hi'n gweithio fel meddyg).

(c) Nac ydy, nyrs yw e (or Nac ydy, mae e'n gweithio fel nyrs).

(ch) Nage, athrawes yw hi (or Nage, mae hi'n gweithio fel athrawes).

(d) Ie, plismon yw e.

(dd) Gyrrwr (lori) yw e (or Mae e'n gweithio fel gyrrwr (lori)).

(e) Nac ydy, garddwr yw e (or Mae e'n gweithio fel garddwr).

(f) Nage, ffermwr yw e.

(ff) Ydy, swyddog gweinyddol yw hi (or Mae hi'n gweithio fel swyddog gweinyddol).

(g) Nac ydy, mae e'n gweithio fel trydanwr (or Nac ydy, trydanwr yw e).

(ng) Mecanic yw hi (or Mae hi'n gweithio fel mecanic)

(h) Ydy, siopwr yw e.

Ymarfer 31

Now practise talking about people's occupations. Listen to the prompts in the audio clip and respond in Welsh.

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Ymarfer 32

Listen to the dialogue in the audio clip and answer the following questions:

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(a) Mecanic yw Gareth Lloyd?

(b) Ble mae e'n byw?

(c) Ydy e'n gweithio mewn ysbyty?

(ch) Ydy e'n dod o Abertawe yn wreiddiol?

Answer

Here are the answers to the questions:

(a) Nage, doctor yw e.

(b) Mae e'n byw ar bwys Pontarddulais.

(c) Ydy, mae e'n gweithio mewn ysbyty (yn Abertawe).

(ch) Nac ydy, o Gaerdydd mae e'n dod yn wreiddiol.

Geirfa

actoractormeddwlto think
actores (b)actressmeddyg, doctordoctor
adeiladwrbuildernabodto know
ar ffermon a farm(person)
cyfrifiadur/oncomputer/snyrsnurse
dyma…this is…ondbut
dw i ddim ynI don't knowplantchildren
gwybod(a fact)plismonpoliceman
felas (a)plismones (b)policewoman
fferm (b)farmsiopwrshopkeeper
ffermwrfarmerswyddogadministrative
fflatflatgweinyddolofficer
gwybodto knowtrydanwrelectrician
(fact)house
gydawithy dre (b)the town
gydawithy wlad (b)the country/countryside
chyfrifiaduroncomputers
gyda fiwith meysgrifennyddsecretary
gyda phlantwith children(male)
gyrruto driveysgrifenyddes (b)secretary
gyrrwrdriver(female)
mecanicmechanic

Gramadeg

Answering ‘Yes/No’

You have already seen that if a question begins with:

Dych chi…?  the answer is Ydw/Nac ydw

If a question begins with:

Ydy e/Ydy hi …? the answer is Ydy/Nac ydy

If there is a name or profession at the beginning of the question:

Huw dych chi?

Actor yw e? the answer is Ie/Nage

yn ('n) and wedi

You don't need 'n with wedi:

Dw i wedi ymddeol.

y/yr/‘r

These three forms correspond to ‘the’ in English.

y is used before consonants:

y dre, y siop

yr is used before vowels and ‘h’:

yr ysbyty, yr ysgol, yr adran (department), yr haf (summer)

'r is used after vowels, regardless of what comes afterwards:

Beth yw enw'r dyn? (What's the man's name?)

Mae e'n gyrru'r lori. (He drives the lorry.)

Mae hi'n dod o'r wlad. (She comes from the country.)

ei ‘her’

Notice that if ei meaning ‘her’ comes before a word beginning with a vowel it causes the vowel to be preceded by h:

ei henw hi.