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The Ancient Olympics: bridging past and present
The Ancient Olympics: bridging past and present

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Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following source for permission to reproduce material:

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

This course was written by Aarón Alzola Romero.

Course image: Jon Candy in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

Adapted for OpenLearn, © Trustees of the British Museum.

3D Web Technologies Ltd

Steve Simons

Anastasia Bakogianni (The Open University): Paragraph 3 (section 7)

Sir Roger Bannister: Ethics in the modern and ancient Games (interview, section 3)

Dr Armand D’Angour (Jesus College, University of Oxford): Pindaric odes (accompaniment to interview, section 9)

Stefan Hagel (Universität Wien, Austria): Composition of aulos music for the javelin and discus animations (section 5.2)

Michael Hush (The Open University): ‘So what’s the difference: Wheel designs: modern bicycles and Ancient Greek tethrippa’ (section 6.1)

Jason König (St Andrews University): Cultural significance of the Olympics in Ancient Greece and Rome – Olympic quotes interactive element (section 2); Ancient Olympics time line (section 2); ‘So what’s the difference? The modern gym and the Ancient gymnasion’ (section 4); interactive map – Principal Ancient Greek athletic festivals (section 3).

Caspar Meyer (Birkbeck University): The use of statues to commemorate Olympic victories (section 9)

Sonya Nevin (Roehampton University): Paragraphs one and three (section 7); paragraph five (section 2)

Zahra Newby (Warwick University): Map illustrating the geographical diversity of Ancient Olympic athletes and graph illustrating the number of recorded victors from the Ancient Olympics (section 2)

Carolyn Price (The Open University): ‘Highlight: the morality of violence in sport’ (section 8.2)

Heather Reid (Morningside College, United States): ‘So what’s the difference? Modern and Ancient Greek celebrations of victory in sport’ (section 9)

Emma Stafford (University of Leeds): ‘Highlight: Hercules and Pelops – founding heroes’ (section 5); paragraph two (section 7)

Figure 2: made available under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. © unknown.

Figure 5: (right) Staatliche museen – Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Antikensammlung, inv. no. F2180; (left) Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. © LocalFitness Pty Ltd.

Figure 6: (right) public domain; (left) Terracotta Panathenaic prize amphora Attributed to the Kleophrades Painter in Museum of Modern Art.

Figures 7, 14 and 15: courtesy of the British Museum.

Figure 9: Emma Stafford.

Figure 10 (left) made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0) © Steve Ryan; (right) Harvard University Art Museum, inv. no. 1933.

Figure 11: photo © Treasury of archaeological receipts, Athens National Museum.

Figure 12: Image courtesy of

Figure 13:

Figure 16: (left) Pete D/Flickr; (right) British Museum.

Figure 17: (left) made available under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0) © Duncan Rawlinson; (right): © photo unknown.

Figure 18: made available under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license © Raminus Falcon.

We thank Elton Barker, Valerie Hope, Jessica Hughes, Paula James, John James, James Robson and Naoko Yamagata for their comments and input.

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