Classical Tamil music belongs to the Carnatic school of music. Carnatic music is traditional to South India, whilst Hindustani music is associated with North India. Modern Tamil songs, particularly from films, are very popular in Tamil-speaking societies.
Figure 7 illustrates some of the instruments used in both traditional and modern Tamil music. Take a look at the different instruments and then move on to Section 7.1 where you will hear some of the instruments being played.