Translation as a career
Translation as a career

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Translation as a career


This free course was written by Tita Beaven.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders. If any have been inadvertently overlooked the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources:


What makes a good translator: What is translating? Routes into Languages: Adapted from - resources/ what-are-skills-required

National Network for Translation: What is translating? Text: Copyright © Routes into Language, With permission from National Network for Translation.

PACTE. Building a translation competence model : John Benjamins

Common Reference Levels, Global scale: Taken from Council of Europe -

CEFR Specific Descriptors: © Council of Europe

Charis Ainslie: © Charis Ainslie

Gill Holmes: © Gillian Holmes

Keith Baddeley: © Keith Baddeley

Vicky Sharvill: © Vicky Sharvill


Course image: iDian Lofton/TED, cleared under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic license. licenses/ by-nc/ 2.0/

Figure 1: John Benjamins. © PACTE 2003

Figure 2: © Gillian Holmes

Figure 3: © Vicky Sharvill

Figures 4 and 6: © Charis Ainslie

Figures 5 and 7: © Keith Baddeley

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