Getting started on ancient Greek
Getting started on ancient Greek

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Session 5: Word endings


This session shifts the spotlight from Greek words to their endings. It does so by focusing on nouns, whose endings can vary according to their role in a sentence and their relationship with the words around them. These different endings identify what is known as the grammatical case of the noun in a particular sentence. There are five cases in total. This session will introduce you to one of them: the genitive case.

Study note

Learning to use word endings is a central part of learning to read Greek. This involves learning to recognise them and to tease out all of their implications. A Greek word ending may be small – usually no more than a letter or two – but it needs close attention because it shows how words fit together into larger units, such as phrases or sentences.

In this session, you will also continue your study of examples of Greek writing from the ancient world.

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