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Getting started on ancient Greek
Getting started on ancient Greek

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1 Subject and object: recap

Before introducing complements, let us review subjects and objects.

Activity 1 Complete the sentence

Timing: Allow about 5 minutes


τὴν κόρην


ἡ κόρη


τὸν Ξανθίππον


[a noun in the accusative case]


[a noun in the nominative case]

The correct answers are a, c and d.


The sentence starts with a noun in the nominative case, ἡ Ἀφροδίτη. The nominative case ending shows that Aphrodite is the subject. The sentence continues with a verb (φιλεῖ), showing what Aphrodite is doing. The meaning of the verb prompts a question: ‘who or what does Aphrodite love?’, which raises the expectation of an object. A noun in the accusative case would satisfy this expectation and complete the sentence.