Understanding depression and anxiety
Understanding depression and anxiety

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Understanding depression and anxiety


This course was written by Saroj Datta and Claire Rostron.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to Katherine Leys for coordinating the Research Methods boxes throughout this course.

Except for third-party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

Course image: © Bluestone/Science Photo Library.

Figure 1(a): © G&D Images/Alamy; Figure 1(b): © Index Stock/Alamy; Figure 1(c): © Nassar/XinHua/XinhuaPress/Corbis; Figure 1(d): © Corbis Images; Figure 3: adapted from © 2009 The Health and Social Care Information Centre, Social Care Statistics. All rights reserved; Figure 4: adapted from © Helm, C. et al. (2000) ‘Pituitary-adrenal and autonomic responses to stress in women after sexual and physical abuse in childhood’,American Medical Association; Figure 5(a): © Mike Dodd; Figures 5(b) and 5(c): © Brian Hare; Figure 6: adapted from © Lupien, S.J. et al. (2009) ‘Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behaviour and cognition’, Nature Publishing Group; Figure 7: adapted from Nitschke, J.B., Sarinopoulos, I., Oathes, D.J., Johnstone, T., Whalen, P.J., Davidson, R.J. and Kalin, N.H. (2009) ‘Anticipatory activation in the amygdala and anterior cingulate in generalized anxiety disorder and prediction of treatment response’, American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 166, no. 3, pp. 302–10; Figure 8: adapted from © Nitschke et al. (2009) ‘Anticipatory activation in the amygdale and anterior cingulated in generalized anxiety disorder and prediction of treatment response’, American Journal of Psychiatry; Figure 13: Caspi, A., Sugden, K., Moffitt, T.E., Taylor, A., Craig, I.W., Harrington, H., McClay, J., Mill, J., Martin, J., Braithwaite, A. and Poulton, R. (2003) ‘Influence of life stress on depression: moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene’, Science, vol. 301, no. 5631, pp. 386–90.

Activity 6: © The Open University.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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