Waste management and environmentalism in China
Waste management and environmentalism in China

This free course is available to start right now. Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation.

Free course

Waste management and environmentalism in China


This free course was written by the Dr Christine Pearson and Dr Rachel Slater. It was first published in December 2018.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources. Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders. If any have been inadvertently overlooked the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

Course image: © iStock / Getty Images Plus

Figure 1: © Tim Graham / Contributor / Getty Images;

Figure 2: © Wen Wenyu / Greenpeace;

Figure 3: Taken from http://landfill-gas.com/1980s-landfill-gas-explosions.html;

Figure 5(a): © Aixinjueluo Huaer;

Figure 5(b): © Aixinjueluo Huaer;

Figure 5(c): © Aixinjueluo Huaer;

Figure 5(d): © Aixinjueluo Huaer;

Figure 7: © Material reproduced with kind permission of the Open Wash Programme;

Figure 9: © Based Action Network 2013;

Figure 10: Adapted from https://media.licdn.com/mpr/mpr/AAEAAQAAAAAAAAhAAAAAJDQ4YTFiZGRkLTA2MGEtNDgzZi05MjQ4LTk0NWYyMGI2MDUyNQ.png;

Figure 11(a): Courtesy Jane Gilbert;

Figure 11(b): Courtesy Jane Gilbert;

Figure 12(a): © Aixinjueluo Huaer;

Figure 12(b): © Aixinjueluo Huaer;

Figure 13: © ironjohn / www.dreamstime.com;

Figure 16: © Yongsky / www.dreamstime.com;

Figure 17(a): © Julian Herbert / Staff / Getty Images;

Figure 17(b): © Photo taken at TED2015 by Joss Bleriot, Ellen MacArthur Foundation;

Figure 18: Taken from https://twitter.com/beijingair?lang=en;

Figure 19: © Newscom / Alamy Stock Photo;

Figure 20: Adapted from: Duan H., Loiselle S.A., Zhu L., Feng L., Zhang Y., Ma R., (2015) Figure 3, 'Distribution and Incidence of Algal Blooms in Lake Taihu', Springer;

Acknowledgements are due to Nick Sinclair, Professor Tian Song (Beijing Normal University), Dr Jane Gilbert (Carbon Clarity) and all those who helped contribute to the case studies.

Don't miss out

If reading this text has inspired you to learn more, you may be interested in joining the millions of people who discover our free learning resources and qualifications by visiting The Open University – www.open.edu/ openlearn/ free-courses [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .


Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus