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Plate tectonics
Plate tectonics

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Course image: David Brown [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

Figure 1a Christian Darkin/Science Photo Library;

Figure 1b M-Sat Ltd/Science Photo Library;

Figure 3 adapted from Hallam, A. (1975) Alfred Wegener and the hypothesis of continental drift, Scientific American Inc;

Figure 4 adapted from Creer, K.M. (1965) 'Palaeomagnetic data from gondwanic continents' in Blacket, P.M.S. et al. (eds|) A Symposium on Continental Drift, The Royal Society;

Figures 5a, b and c Mussett, A.E. and Khan, M.A. (2000) Looking into the Earth: an introduction to geological geophysics, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press;

Figure 6 Hiertzler, J.R. et al (1966) 'Magnetic anomalies over the Reykjanes Ridge', Deep Sea Research, vol. 13, Elsevier Science Limited;

Figures 8 and 28 Adapted from Bott, M.H.P. (1982) The Interior of the Earth, Its Structure, Constitution and Evolution, Edward Arnold;

Figure 9a Adapted from the British Geological Survey World Seismicity Database, Global Seismology and Geomagnetism Group, Edinburgh;

Figure 9b Adapted from Johnson, R.W. (1993) AGSO Issues Paper No. 1, Volcanic Eruptions and Atmospheric Change, Australian Geological Survey Organisation;

Figure 11 Parsons, B. and Sclater, G. (1977) 'An analysis of the variation of ocean floor bathymetry and heat flow with age', Journal of Geophysical Union;

Figures 13 and 14 Fowler, C.M.R. (2005) The solid Earth, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press;

Figure 16 Sykes, R. (1966) 'The seismicity and deep structure of island arcs', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.71, no 12 © American Geophysical Union;

Figure 17 adapted from Watts, A.B. (2001) Isostasy and flexure of the lithosphere, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press;

Figure 18 Westbrook, G.K. (1982) 'The Barbados ridge complex, Special Publication of The Geological Society of London, Blackwell, © The Geological Society;

Figure 21 Dalrymple, G.B. et al. (1973) 'The origin of the Hawaiian islands', American Scientist, Vol 61, Scientific Research Society (Sigman X1);

Figure 22 adapted from Clague, D. and Dalrymple, G.B. (1987) USGS Professional Paper 1350, United States Geological Survey;

Figure 30 Adapted from Livermore, R. et al. (2005) 'Paleogene opening of the Drake Passage', Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 236, pp459-470.

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