Icy bodies: Europa and elsewhere
Icy bodies: Europa and elsewhere

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Course image: Stuart Rankin [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

The following appears in Introduction to Astrobiology (Planetary Science Book 2: ISBN 0-521-54621-4) which is published in association with Cambridge University Press and forms part of the course material for The Open University course: S283 Planetary science and the search for life.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

Figure 1, 2 and 8: © Science Photo Library;

Figure 3: © National Portrait Gallery;

Figures 4-6, 7, 10a, 11-14, 16, 17, 19, 21-26, 28-29 and 33: © NASA;

Figure 10b: © Calvin J. Hamilton;

Figure 18: from Satellites of the Outer Planets, 2nd edition by David A Rothery, copyright © David A Rothery;

Figure 20: USGS/Cascades Volcano Observatory;

Figure 30: © Rob Wood/Wood Ronsaville Harlin, Inc;

Figure 32: Image courtesy of Marc.W. Buie/Lowell Observatory.

© Rob Wood/Wood Ronsaville Harlin, Inc

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