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Course image: ANDRZEJ DUDZINSKI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY / Universal Images Group
Figure 1: adapted from: Rothwell, R. (1992) ‘Successful Industrial Innovation: Critical Factors for the 1990s’, R&D Management, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 221–239.
Figure 2: Ford Car (1927): © Hulton Archive/Stringer/Getty Images
Figure 3: Robot Assisted Surgery: © BSIP/University Images Group/Getty Images
Figure 4: Mainframe: © Tom McHugh/Getty Images
Figure 5: Bicycles (1869): © Archive Photos/Getty Images
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