18.3.1 Case finding
The main purposes of case finding are to:
- Identify the sources of infection in the community
- Diagnose and cure leprosy cases before irreversible nerve damage and disability occur.
There are two general strategies for case finding:
Passive case finding: where you ask about, or observe, symptoms and signs of leprosy when individuals attend the health facility or meet you in your community work.
Intensified/active case finding: where you examine all household contacts of a leprosy patient to identify leprosy cases early.
Whenever you are in doubt whether an individual has leprosy or not, encourage and refer such a person to the nearest health facility capable of diagnosing leprosy.