20.5.2  Transmission through blood contact

The blood is another way of transmitting HIV. HIV can be transmitted through transfusion of an infected blood or blood products; sharing contaminated needles and syringes to inject illegal drugs; accidental puncturing of the skin by contaminated instruments during healthcare; and sharing contaminated piercing or cutting instruments used in tattooing or harmful traditional practices, like uvulectomy (cutting out the uvula in the roof of the throat) and female genital mutilation (cutting the clitoris and labia).

20.5.1  Transmission through sexual relations

20.5.3  Transmission from mother to child