Summary of Study Session 25

In Study Session 25, you have learned that:

  1. The main ways to prevent sexual HIV transmission among adults are abstinence from premarital sexual intercourse, faithfulness to a partner, and correct and consistent use of condoms, often termed the ‘ABC rules’.
  2. Discussion on safer sexual practices for sexually active people should include decreasing the number of partners, and consistent and regular non-penetrative sexual practices, and/or use of condoms for penetrative sex.
  3. Prevention of HIV transmission via contaminated blood involves avoiding contact with objects potentially contaminated with blood, and reducing unsafe and/or harmful traditional practices.
  4. Community mobilisation is a process through which community, individuals, groups and organisations plan, carry out and evaluate activities on a participatory and sustained basis to achieve an agreed-upon goal, either on their own initiative or stimulated by others.
  5. Community mobilisation in general involves certain basic steps, including defining the problem, designing and evaluating strategies, setting objectives, selecting target groups, and identifying partners. These also apply to HIV/AIDS-related community mobilisation efforts.
  6. The national HIV prevention strategy generally involves conducting an ongoing community dialogue about HIV/AIDS-related problems to create awareness and stimulate behavioural change.
  7. Active involvement of most ‘at risk’ populations and PLHIV are integral in the effort to maximise community mobilisation for HIV prevention.

25.2.6  Community mobilisation activities for preventing HIV/AIDS

Self-Assessment Questions (SAQs) for Study Session 25